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Paediatric ptosis

Manoj Parulekar and colleagues provide a comprehensive overview of the diagnosis, assessment and management of childhood ptosis. Blepharoptosis (commonly referred to as ptosis – Greek, πτῶσις, ‘to fall’) is a condition where the upper eyelid is in an abnormally low...

My top five: Uses of artificial intelligence in ophthalmology

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has emerged as a prominent topic of discussion within the field of ophthalmology, captivating researchers and practitioners alike. Although recent attention has been drawn to the integration of AI in ophthalmology, it’s important to recognise that AI...

The management of possibly progressive pterygium

A 43-year-old Sudanese male patient is referred by his GP with a fleshy lesion encroaching the nasal cornea for the last six months. History Make note of: risk factors, i.e. UV exposure and ocular irritation - history of living in...

Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery: What options are there and when might they be considered?

In recent years there has been a rapid expansion in a group of operations termed ‘minimally invasive’ or ‘micro invasive’ glaucoma surgery (MIGS). These options generally offer less significant IOP reduction, but with a more favourable safety profile when compared...

Association of subconjunctival haemorrhage with non-accidental injury

This study assessed the frequency and nature of diagnostic work-ups in infants with subconjunctival haemorrhage (SCH), the incidence of occult injuries among these patients and the factors that may have influenced the work-up. This was a retrospective secondary analysis of...

RCT of unilateral vs bilateral surgery for lateral incomitance in exotropia

The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the surgical outcomes in the management of lateral incomitance with regard to ocular alignment and change in lateral incomitance in cases of bilateral vs. unilateral strabismus surgery. This was a...

Another plant-based remedy for the eye?

Simerdip Kaur takes a look at the latest ophthalmology-related news stories and asks which are based on facts and which are ‘fake news’. Headline: Another plant-based remedy for the eye? What do the nicknames Mary Jane, tea, and 420 all...

Clinical and management strategies in glaucoma practice: perspectives from international glaucoma specialists

Management options and outcomes in glaucoma practice were reviewed at the 7th Moorfields International Glaucoma Symposium, held in London on 24 January 2015. This article summarises perspectives from international glaucoma specialists on debated issues in topical therapy, glaucoma surgery, diagnostic...

Understanding and confronting bacterial endophthalmitis

Abdus Samad Ansari highlights the importance of early recognition of this condition using an unusual presentation. Endophthalmitis is a medical emergency with devastating consequences. Despite adequate treatment, severe cases frequently result in permanent blindness. Endophthalmitis involves inflammation of both the...

Laser pointer maculopathy

The objective of this study was to describe the potential clinical presentations of retinal pathology resulting from exposure to laser pointers. The study included eight eyes of seven patients. Mean age was 18.7 years (12-36). Most were accidental self-inflicted while...

Switchover study from Botox to Xeomin for facial dystonia

This study carried out in the UK compared the clinical effectiveness and efficiency of switching patients from Botox® injections to Xeomin®. This was carried out in 20 essential blepharospasm, 12 hemifacial spasm and six aberrant facial nerve regeneration patients. Patients...

Can the angle of origin of the ophthalmic artery predict embolic trajectory?

A retrospective, comparative case-control study was used to test the hypothesis that a risk factor for retinal versus cerebral infarct is the angular origin of the ophthalmic artery from the internal carotid artery. The study compared one group (n=28) who...