You searched for "sclera"

192 results found

Choroidal folds

Choroidal folds are undulations of the choroid, Bruch’s membrane and pigment epithelium, with wrinkling of the overlying retina. They may be idiopathic but can also be caused by a number of different conditions. Case report A 60-year-old male patient was...

Dec/Jan 2016 Quiz

History A 40-year-old swimming instructor undergoes an enucleation for a blind painful eye. There is a history of soft contact lens wear. She has had a corneal abscess and corneal graft procedures in the past. Questions 1. What does this...

Patient changes eye colour permanently and has brighter and whiter looking eyes

In this new series, Simerdip Kaur takes a look at the latest ophthalmology-related news stories and asks which are scientific reality and which are ‘fake news’. Headline: Patient changes eye colour permanently and has brighter and whiter looking eyes If...

The embryology of the eye

Nobody claims to like embryology. At least nobody I know. It has been a neglected part of the curriculum since time immemorial and a vicious cycle occurs in which those with an incomplete understanding fail to appreciate the inherent beauty...

Consecutive exotropia features

This study sought to detect abnormal scleral attachment with comparison of histopathological findings in consecutive exotropia. The study also considered the success rate of medial rectus resection and advancement, dose response and evaluate potential preoperative factors that might indicate presence...

Swept source anterior segment OCT

The authors describe a study using the Casia OCT which is a swept source OCT to determine the visibility of the angle structures using two imaging protocols; high density and low density. They randomly selected one eye from 30 normal...

Endo-illumination-aided SB combined with IVT hyaluronate for RRD

The authors report a retrospective non-randomised control trial that evaluated the efficacy and safety of 25-gauge illumination-aided scleral buckling (SB) combined with hyaluronate injection for the treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Forty-five cases were included in this study. Twenty-five...

V pattern surgery

Inferior oblique (IO) muscle belly transposition involves fixing the belly of the IO to the sclera at 5mm posterior to the temporal insertion of the inferior rectus (IR). This study reports the clinical outcomes of bilateral surgery to treat V...

Augmented surgery for monocular elevation deficiency

The outcomes are described for augmented lateral rectus superior transposition in cases of acquired monocular elevation deficiency (MED) associated with large hypotropia in primary gaze. The lateral rectus was transposed superiorly and reinserted on sclera between the temporal margin of...

Causes of childhood open globe injuries sustained during playtime

This study explored the possible mechanisms of paediatric open globe injuries that occurred during playtime and required surgical treatment. The study was conducted in a single centre in Egypt. This was a prospective study of all children admitted with open...

Surgical technique for small-angle hypertropia

In order to treat small-angle hypertropia of <5PF associated with mild / moderate upshoot in adduction, an option is to suture the inferior oblique (IO) belly to the sclera following its natural muscle direction or with anterior transposition. This study...

IO belly transposition surgery

The authors evaluated inferior oblique (IO) muscle belly transposition to correct mild to moderate IO overaction with small primary position hypertropia. They reviewed 10 patients aged 6-35 years (mean 18.6 years). Aetiologies were mild unilateral superior oblique (SO) palsy for...