You searched for "retinitis"

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Patients with low vision benefit from optical sector seeing ‘beyond the eyes’

Patients with low vision are benefitting from an initiative developed by Visualise Training and Consultancy and funded by Thomas Pocklington Trust. Seeing Beyond the Eyes has released its impact report which highlights a huge increase in the number of optical professionals who will now refer patients with low vision to vital support services – up from only 9% to an impressive 96%.

ARN in North Africa

Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) is a rare cause of uveitis. This paper aims to outline the clinical features of 12 patients with ARN in a referral centre in Tunisia, North Africa. A retrospective review of case notes was carried out....

Uveitis in HIV infected persons

Before the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), uveitis, in particular cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis, was the most common cause of visual loss in patients with AIDS. HAART has altered the cause of ocular disease in HIV infected individuals by...

Acute retinal necrosis presumably caused by Epstein-Barr virus infection

Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) is an uncommon, but serious and potentially blinding condition. ARN is characterised by panuveitis, occlusive vasculopathy and progressive peripheral necrotising retinitis. The diagnosis is clinical but confirmation is sought via aqueous and vitreous sampling. Varicella zoster...

Inherited retinal disorders now the leading cause of blindness

The recent paper in BMJ Open, from the UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, ‘A comparison of the causes of blindness certifications in England and Wales in working age adults (16-64 years), 1999-2000 with 2009-2010’ concludes that inherited retinal disorders (IRD) such...

Clinical features of ocular syphilis

The study looked at 24 patients (20 males, four females) with serological evidence of syphilitic infection who presented to a tertiary ophthalmic centre. Ocular involvement was the first manifestation of syphilitic disease in 96% and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) seropositivity...

The prevalence of macular cysts in patients with clinical cone-rod dystrophy determined by spectral domain optical coherence tomography

Cone-rod dystrophy is a progressive photoreceptor disorder which has multiple inheritance patterns. It is rare, with a prevalence of 1 in 40,000. Macular cysts are well recognised in other photoreceptor conditions such as retinitis pigments and choroideraemia, while they are...

Uveitis in the elderly

This study from Turkey evaluated the causes and clinical characteristics of uveitis in elderly patients. Data from 90 eyes of 68 patients aged 60 years and older were reviewed. Anterior uveitis was present in 75% (33% of these had keratouveitis),...

Evaluation of ectopia lentis et pupillae (ELP)

The ADAMTSL4 gene encodes proteins for cellular adhesion, angiogenesis, nervous system development and anterior / posterior segment structures. This case report describes a four-year-old female with diagnosis at referral of ELP. A three-generation pedigree was obtained and was negative for...

Usher syndrome: an overview

Usher syndrome is the most common hereditary condition that affects both vision and hearing. It is an autosomal recessive condition characterised by retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss [1,2]. Usher syndrome is the cause of approximately 10% of...

An update on inherited retinal disorders (part 2): Approaches to therapy for IRDs

Part 1 of this topic can be found here There are currently no proven cures for inherited retinal disease (IRD). However, multiple avenues of research are being investigated to better understand disease mechanisms and trial potential therapies that may slow...

Incidence and risk factors of late in the bag intraocular lens dislocation

The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for late in the bag dislocation over a 21 year period. Worldwide the incidence varies from 0.05% to 3.0%. In this Swedish study they report an increase in incidence in...