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Medical malpractice in uveitis: a review of clinical entities and outcomes

This paper presents a retrospective review of malpractice verdicts, rulings and settlements in the United States. Twenty-five cases of uveitis-related litigation spanning 1971-2014 were identified from the database representing 2.3% of all cases. Forty-eight percent of the cases were infectious....

An unusual case of acute retinal necrosis

Case report A 40-year-old Caucasian male presented with a four-day history of redness and progressive painless reduction of vision in the left eye. His visual acuities were 6/4 in the right and 6/36 in the left. The left eye showed...

Patients with low vision benefit from optical sector seeing ‘beyond the eyes’

Patients with low vision are benefitting from an initiative developed by Visualise Training and Consultancy and funded by Thomas Pocklington Trust. Seeing Beyond the Eyes has released its impact report which highlights a huge increase in the number of optical professionals who will now refer patients with low vision to vital support services – up from only 9% to an impressive 96%.

Uveitis in HIV infected persons

Before the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), uveitis, in particular cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis, was the most common cause of visual loss in patients with AIDS. HAART has altered the cause of ocular disease in HIV infected individuals by...

Do occult neuroretinitis and non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy differ in presentation?

This study evaluates differences between neuroretinitis and non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAAION) in terms of patient demographics, clinical presentation, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings. Medical records of patients with a final diagnosis of occult neuroretinitis or NAAION were...

ARN in North Africa

Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) is a rare cause of uveitis. This paper aims to outline the clinical features of 12 patients with ARN in a referral centre in Tunisia, North Africa. A retrospective review of case notes was carried out....

Acute retinal necrosis presumably caused by Epstein-Barr virus infection

Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) is an uncommon, but serious and potentially blinding condition. ARN is characterised by panuveitis, occlusive vasculopathy and progressive peripheral necrotising retinitis. The diagnosis is clinical but confirmation is sought via aqueous and vitreous sampling. Varicella zoster...

Inherited retinal disorders now the leading cause of blindness

The recent paper in BMJ Open, from the UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, ‘A comparison of the causes of blindness certifications in England and Wales in working age adults (16-64 years), 1999-2000 with 2009-2010’ concludes that inherited retinal disorders (IRD) such...

Clinical features of ocular syphilis

The study looked at 24 patients (20 males, four females) with serological evidence of syphilitic infection who presented to a tertiary ophthalmic centre. Ocular involvement was the first manifestation of syphilitic disease in 96% and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) seropositivity...

The prevalence of macular cysts in patients with clinical cone-rod dystrophy determined by spectral domain optical coherence tomography

Cone-rod dystrophy is a progressive photoreceptor disorder which has multiple inheritance patterns. It is rare, with a prevalence of 1 in 40,000. Macular cysts are well recognised in other photoreceptor conditions such as retinitis pigments and choroideraemia, while they are...

Evaluation of ectopia lentis et pupillae (ELP)

The ADAMTSL4 gene encodes proteins for cellular adhesion, angiogenesis, nervous system development and anterior / posterior segment structures. This case report describes a four-year-old female with diagnosis at referral of ELP. A three-generation pedigree was obtained and was negative for...

Gene therapy: perspectives from young adults with Leber’s congenital amaurosis

The authors present their telephone survey data of 10 patients with a mean age of 24.4 years regarding their opinion on gene therapy for their Leber’s congenital amaurosis. Patients were recruited at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto. Of the...