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Troubleshooting in LASIK

Contemporary laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is safe and effective. It remains the dominant intervention in routine refractive surgery for a good reason: predictable results, rapid visual recovery, and relatively simple strategies for revision treatment. Over 95% of patients are...

An uncommon late postoperative complication of combined cataract surgery and intravitreal triamcinolone injection

Case report A 64-year-old female with diabetic maculopathy (DMO) underwent phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in her right eye combined with intravitreal triamcinolone (IVTA). Diabetes control was poor with HbA1c (IFCC) of 119mmol/mol and blood sugar level of 27mmol/L....

Optic nerve swelling – your survival guide (part 1)

Assessment of optic nerve appearance and functions is a daily routine in neuro-ophthalmology. Following a recent high profile court case there has been a significant increase in the amount of referral to ophthalmology departments to assess the optic nerve and...

C-spp corneal consequences

This is a retrospective review of microbiological records of 22 patients, who had presented at the LV Prasad Eye Institute, India, between June 2009 and December 2012. The corneal scrapings were performed in all patients and had yielded significant growth...

Moxifloxacin 0.5% for bacterial keratitis

The authors report on the results of a randomised controlled trial comparing commercially available non-preserved moxifloxacin 0.5% vs. a combination of fortified cefazolin 5% and tobramycin 1.3% in the treatment of moderate bacterial keratitis without perforation. Corneal scrapings were collected...

Review of pathogenesis of Acanthamoeba keratitis

In this review, the author summarised the current microbiomic and immunological evidence related to the pathogenesis of Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). AK has been described for almost 50 years, but the exact biology of the disease remains perplexing. Acanthamoeba spp. are...

Light tolerance in infectious keratitis

The authors presented the findings of a study that aimed to identify the maximum irradiance (power received by a surface per unit area) that can be tolerated by photophobic patients with infectious keratitis (IK). They recruited 30 patients (14 women...

Topcon Launches the 3D OCT Maestro2 with Automated OCTA

Topcon’s fully automated OCT with integrated true colour fundus camera now features OCT Angiography1, follow-up scanning and data management.

Bilateral eye pain after contact lens wear: an inadvertent case of chemical eye injury

Introduction There are around 4.1 million contact lens wearers in the UK [1]. While the vast majority of them do not experience any complications, over the past years there have been cases of acanthamoeba keratitis and multiple retained contact lenses...

Cytotoxic effect of voriconazole on human corneal epithelial cells

Voriconazole is a second-generation synthetic derivative of fluconazole with broadened antifungal spectrum. It is becoming the drug of choice for fungal keratitis. Voriconazole eye drops are not available commercially, thus have to be prepared by diluting the intravenous formulation containing...

Topical doxycycline for corneal neovascularisation

Six eyes with corneal vascularisation were treated with 1% topical doxycycline, four times a day for three weeks. The patients were reviewed at various intervals over a period of one year. The eyes selected had neovascularisation secondary to a variety...

Diffuse lamellar keratitis

This study group reviewed cytokine- and chemokine-mediated mechanisms of diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) after lamellar corneal surgical procedures. DLK can occur early or late (months to decades) after all lamellar corneal surgeries, including laser in situ keratomileusis, small incision lenticule...