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Factors leading to loss to follow-up after strabismus surgery in children.

One hundred and fourteen patients were identified as lost to follow-up between 2014 and 2020, representing 16% of paediatric strabismus surgery performed during this time period. The authors specifically defined lost to follow-up as not attending follow-up appointments between three...

Cytotoxic effect of voriconazole on human corneal epithelial cells

Voriconazole is a second-generation synthetic derivative of fluconazole with broadened antifungal spectrum. It is becoming the drug of choice for fungal keratitis. Voriconazole eye drops are not available commercially, thus have to be prepared by diluting the intravenous formulation containing...

Topical doxycycline for corneal neovascularisation

Six eyes with corneal vascularisation were treated with 1% topical doxycycline, four times a day for three weeks. The patients were reviewed at various intervals over a period of one year. The eyes selected had neovascularisation secondary to a variety...

Acanthamoeba keratitis

This is a retrospective case series on medical records and corneal photographs of 40 eyes of 35 patients with acanthamoeba keratitis (AK, culture positive or with histopathological diagnosis). The mean age of onset was 30 ±15 years (younger in females)....

Diffuse lamellar keratitis

This study group reviewed cytokine- and chemokine-mediated mechanisms of diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) after lamellar corneal surgical procedures. DLK can occur early or late (months to decades) after all lamellar corneal surgeries, including laser in situ keratomileusis, small incision lenticule...

Medical Ophthalmological Society Annual Meeting

By Muhammad Adil Seelarbokus, Final Year Medical Student, Newcastle University. With an ever-increasing ageing population with multiple co-morbidities presenting to clinics nowadays, the need for medical ophthalmologists is growing. The Medical Ophthalmological Society’s Annual Meeting seemed to be an excellent...

A step-by-step approach to the diagnosis and management of Sands of Sahara Syndrome

Sands of Sahara syndrome (diffuse lamellar keratitis) is a rare postoperative complication of Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Its estimated prevalence is reported to be 2-4% among LASIK cases [1], despite that, it is more likely to be encountered by...

Optometrist found guilty of manslaughter

To start our new Optometry section, editor Janet Pooley takes a look at the tragic death of Vincent Barker and asks what lessons can be learned. In August, Optometrist Honey Rose was found guilty of the manslaughter of eight-year-old Vincent...

How to diagnose and treat Acanthamoeba keratitis

Corneal ulceration caused by Acanthamoeba is on the rise, and recent publications indicate an outbreak in the UK over the last few years [1]. Since Acanthamoeba keratitis often presents with atypical features, diagnosis from slit-lamp examination alone can often be...

IN FOCUS - Prevention and treatment of blindness worldwide: the story of ‘VISION 2020: The Right to Sight’

The story of blindness and efforts to prevent and treat it cannot be told without going back to the earliest recorded history of blindness. Trachoma was described in ancient Egypt, cataract surgery in India about the fifth century BC and...

Literature review of isolated ocular motor nerve palsies

Patients aged over 50 presenting with isolated nerve palsies of the third (pupil sparring), fourth or sixth nerves, are often described as having microvascular extraocular palsies. This review looks critically at the evidence surrounding these microvascular non-arteritic extraocular palsies and...

Unusual case presentation of arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

The authors present a single case of an 84-year-old man with arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy, but with unusual features on temporal artery biopsy. He presented with a three-day history of sudden onset of loss of vision in his right...