You searched for "ocular"

888 results found

Ocular neuromyotonia

The authors report a cohort of ten patients (nine female) with ocular neuromyotonia (ONM) for clinical signs and symptoms, treatment methods and outcome. Six had affected vertical muscles including superior oblique, inferior rectus and superior rectus. Four had affected lateral...

Ocular electrophysiology

A 34-year-old woman, who is a CEO in a multinational firm, has been losing vision over the last 12 months. She has seen her opticians, who initially tried different glasses but could not improve things. Clinical examination is unremarkable. How...

Strabismus after ocular surgery

This literature review discusses the incidence of diplopia after ocular surgery procedures for lids and ocular adnexa considering the mechanisms and treatments involved. Lid and conjunctival surgery included blepharoplasty, conjunctivodacrocystorhinostomy, conjunctival lesions and pterygia; cataract surgery; refractive surgery; glaucoma surgery;...

Pterygium ocular surface temperature

This prospective study investigated the ocular surface temperature in patients with pterygia compared to those with dry and healthy eyes respectively. Previous studies have shown that patients with dry eyes show a significant decrease in ocular surface temperature on sustained...

Ocular findings in autism

This retrospective study investigated the ocular manifestations of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) among children in a paediatric ophthalmic practice setting. Fifty-three patients were identified. Assessments were undertaken for 44 with 68% having autistic disorder, 16% with pervasive personality disorder –...

Diagnosis of ocular tuberculosis

This review article provides an update on the methods diagnosing ocular tuberculosis (TB), the difficulties in making the diagnosis and makes recommendations to a more accurate diagnosis by combining the available diagnostic tests. Today ocular TB remains a presumptive clinical...

Evaluating ocular motor functions

Traditionally orthoptists are specialised in assessing ocular motor disorders. This article introduces the ocular motor score as a new clinical tool for screening and follow-up for children and young adults. The protocol consists of 15 tests such as stereoacuity, strabismus,...

Clinical features of ocular syphilis

The study looked at 24 patients (20 males, four females) with serological evidence of syphilitic infection who presented to a tertiary ophthalmic centre. Ocular involvement was the first manifestation of syphilitic disease in 96% and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) seropositivity...

Prognosticating ocular adnexal lymphoma

The authors retrospectively analyse 160 patients with primary ocular adnexal lymphoma to determine the accuracy of prognosis based on the Ann Arbor classification and how this compares to the accuracy of prognosis based on retrospectively applying the newer Tumor, Node,...

Ocular characteristics in Marfan syndrome

Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetic disorder with clinical manifestations associated with cardiovascular, ocular and skeletal organ systems. Typical signs are descending aortic root aneurysms, ectopia lentis, tall stature and scoliosis. This observational study looked at the ocular characteristics, visual...

Fingolimod: ocular adverse effects

In this article the authors review the ocular side-effects of Fingolimod which is an oral immunomodulating drug used in the management of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Fingolimod-associated macular oedema (FAME) is the most common ocular side-effect linked to this drug....

Ocular manifestation of Marfan Syndrome

This repeated cross-sectional study collected data in 2003-2004 and 2014-2015 to investigate changes in ocular features in Marfan syndrome (MFS) fulfilling the Ghent-2 criteria. Ghent-2 is a set of criteria by which MFS are identified and includes aortic root aneurysm...