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The long-term effects of AREDS on AMD progression

The Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) was an 11-centre, double-masked, clinical trial that in 2001 found a high-dose of antioxidant vitamins plus zinc was effective in protecting against progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in patients with moderate to high...

Control of bleeding with diabetic vitrectomy under air

The authors describe a modified diabetic vitrectomy using continuous air infusion in diabetic eyes with severe fibrovascular proliferation. In their case series of 25 eyes (20 patients), intravitreal bevacizumab (1.25mg) was used one week prior to surgery. Fifteen eyes had...

ILM peeling in primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

This author retrospectively analysed the correlation between internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling and the occurrence of a postoperative epiretinal membrane (ERM) in patients who underwent vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD). There were 135 medical records investigated. Seventy patients underwent...

CD40L activation of human RPE cells

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of reduced visual acuity in the elderly worldwide. The risk factors involved in AMD include smoking and diet, while genetics have been shown to have a significant role. Recently a link between...

2024

Welcome to our Spring Special of 2024! The year is well underway and I can feel change is in the air. It’s the Chinese year of the dragon, generally regarded as a good sign, plus it’s 40 years on from...

Computerised visual acuity measurements in AMD

The aims of this study were to investigate whether half-letter width spacing in COMPlog algorithms had an adverse effect on agreement in patients with AMD with the ETDRS chart. Fifty adult participants with AMD took part with a median age...

AMD and visceral fat and pro-inflammatory factors

Several large studies have shown a positive relationship between age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) and high body mass index. The waist-hip ratio is also associated with development of early AMD. Visceral fat has a pro-inflammatory effect, which means it has an...

The rarebit vision test for macular conditions

Rarebit testing is used to measure low degrees of neuro-visual damage and is available for free on the internet. It consists of a fixed bright light dot presented on a black background. During testing it is presented briefly at different...

Complement factor B polymorphism and the phenotype of early age-related macular degeneration

The relationship between complement factor H (CFH) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is very well known, but other genetic polymorphisms relating to AMD are more poorly understood. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between complement factor B (CFB)...

Complement Factor H and Factor H-Like protein are expressed in human RPE cells

The role of inflammation in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is well documented and the association of AMD with the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP) and members of the complement system underline the role of complements in AMD. Human complement factor...

HtrA1 enhances cell senescence

A genetic basis for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has been greatly advanced in recent years. The role of identified pathways such as complement factor H in AMD has been widely investigated. However, the effect of other gene variants identified by...

Discussing treatment modalities for bilateral wet AMD

A 65-year-old lady with bilateral wet AMD and vision of 6/24 comes with an internet search about current therapies. How do you explain the various treatment modalities available? There are two NICE approved treatments for wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD)....