You searched for "inflammatory"

369 results found

Inflammatory macular holes

The authors present a case of closure of a full thickness macular hole in a patient with Behçet’s disease, without surgery. The 23-year-old male they describe presented with a history of recurrent oral aphthous ulcers and a genital ulcer. Ocular...

The inflammatory side-effect of Brimonidine

Brimonidine is a well established selective alpha-2 adreno-receptor agonist, used to lower intraocular pressure. This case series reports on 19 eyes affected by brimonidine induced uveitis. Mean age of the patients was 74 years and mean duration of brimonidine use...

Differential diagnosis of inflammatory optic neuritis

The authors present the differential diagnosis of inflammatory optic neuritis (ON) to include multiple sclerosis, infectious optic neuritis, systemic disease and neuromyelitis optica (NMO). The features of ON for the varying aetiologies are detailed including incidence and overlap. In acute...

Serology testing in periocular inflammatory disease

This is a review article of serological tests in thyroid eye disease, IgG4-related disease and myasthenia gravis. The authors provide an overview of the current serology with a brief description of how they relate to the pathogenesis of each condition....

AMD and visceral fat and pro-inflammatory factors

Several large studies have shown a positive relationship between age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) and high body mass index. The waist-hip ratio is also associated with development of early AMD. Visceral fat has a pro-inflammatory effect, which means it has an...

Insects, swelling and sight loss: a case of orbital inflammatory syndrome

Despite being the most common cause of painful orbital mass in adults and the third most common orbital disease, orbital inflammatory syndrome still proves to be a difficult ocular condition to diagnose, treat, and manage. A 41-year-old lady presented to...

Idiopathic orbital pseudotumor as first sign of systemic inflammatory disease

The authors describe four children in whom idiopathic orbital pseudotumor (IOP) was the initial solitary finding with systemic inflammatory disease developing later. Four children were seen over a five-year period. Mean age was 9.75 years (2-14). Three were white and...

Systemic anti-inflammatory versus fluocinolone acetonide intraocular implant

In the Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment (MUST) trial, 255 patients with intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis or panuveitis were randomised to either fluocinolone acetonide intraocular implant or systemic corticosteroid therapy which was supplemented with immunosuppression if required. Patients were followed up...

Topical nonsteroidal ant-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients undergoing cataract surgery

Inflammation is a major risk factor for the development of cystoid macular oedema (CMO) after cataract surgery, leading to breakdown of the blood-retina barrier. There is a correlation between severity of CMO and level of postoperative inflammation. Laser flare meter...

CD40L activation of human RPE cells

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of reduced visual acuity in the elderly worldwide. The risk factors involved in AMD include smoking and diet, while genetics have been shown to have a significant role. Recently a link between...

OCT in peripheral corneal thinning

This small retrospective study used high resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) Heidelberg Spectralis to identify features which could determine the underlying aetiology of peripheral corneal thinning. Ten patients were included; five with diagnoses of degenerative peripheral thinning; Terrien’s marginal degeneration...

RPE use similar pathway to regulatory T cells to inhibit immune response

Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells form an important part of the blood-retinal barrier that protects the neuronal cells responsible for sight. RPE cells are involved in innate and adaptive immune responses via expression of surface molecules and release of cytokines....