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Hypothyroidsim and acute central serous chorioretinopathy – is there a link?

This cross-sectional study included 71 consecutive acute central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) patients and 70 age-matched healthy control subjects. Systemic findings, including serum levels of thyroid hormones, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse rate, serum lipid levels and...

Assessment of retinal capillary VD and FAZ area in CSC using OCTA

The authors aim to report a cross-sectional, case controlled study, the purpose of which was to access the retinal capillary vessel density (VD) and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area in acute and chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) patients compared to...

Code-Free Deep Learning: a step into the future of ophthalmology

A new focus has arisen within the research domain of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare called code-free deep learning (CFDL), and recent research demonstrates that ophthalmology is becoming one of the leading specialties in this field. Artificial intelligence (AI) is...

Birdshot chorioretinopathy: an important differential

Birdshot chorioretinopathy (BSCR) is a relatively uncommon cause of posterior uveitis which often has a relapsing and remitting course [1,2]. We present a case which demonstrates how remission can be obtained for several years using cyclosporine. Case report A 44-year-old...

On becoming a man

It was at the height of the gender debate, with Donald Trump banning transsexuals from serving in the US army and parts of the first world indulging in controversies on whether separate transgender toilets are needed, that a 40-year-old lady,...

The Retinal Atlas (2nd Edition)

Those readers familiar with the first edition of The Retinal Atlas will appreciate the comprehensive nature of this publication, and this latest version incorporates retinal images generated by recently developed imaging technology. As the title suggests, this hardcover version is...

Choroidal and RNFL thickness in patients with OSAS

In obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), hypoxia secondary to repetitive apnoeic episodes leads to blood pressure variations and haemodynamic changes. There is also intermittent activation of the sympathetic system when the patient is aroused from sleep during apnoeic episodes. OSAS...

The choroid in pregnancy

During pregnancy there can be different types of ocular changes including a decrease in corneal sensitivity, increase in central corneal thickness and curvature, decrease in intraocular pressure, central serous chorioretinopathy and ocular blood flow. Advances in ophthalmic imaging devices has...

The past and the future for paediatric ophthalmology

The past 25 years have seen remarkable advances in clinical eye care for children in the UK. This has led to both improved outcomes and better patient and family experiences. There have been substantial changes to patient pathways, major advances...

Renewed momentum in ocular gene and cell therapy, broadening application to chronic disease

Gene and cell therapies offer the prospect of ground-breaking new avenues for the treatment of diseases, reflected in a renewed explosion of interest and investment in retinal gene therapy. Rod McNeil reports recent clinical trial readouts across a diverse range...

Birdshot retinochoroiditis

Birdshot retinochoroiditis (BRC) is a chronic, sight-threatening uveitis, most commonly affecting caucasian individuals in their fourth to sixth decades [1]. The disease is associated with HLA-29 and is characterised by progressive inflammation at the level of retina and choroid, with...