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692 results found

Silent keratitis in failed graft

This study examined rates of asymptomatic keratitis in failed full thickness corneal grafts, which were not picked up clinically preoperatively. During a five year period 53 penetrating keratoplasties (PK) were performed for long-standing graft decompensation with stromal opacity and /...

Corneal neurotisation with an allograft

This is the first reported use of an acellular nerve allograft for corneal neurotisation. Seven patients received a 7cm long commercially prepared acellular nerve allograft. This was coapted to a functioning supratrochlear, supraorbital or infraorbital nerve and then tunnelled to...

LASIK for myopia progression

The authors hypothesise that corneal reshaping with refractive surgery could have an effect on myopic progression similar to that of orthokeratology because it results in changes to the central cornea and not to the peripheral cornea. This was a retrospective...

Amnion-assisted conjunctival epithelial redirection (ACER): Enhancing stem cell transplantation treatment of total limbal stem cell deficiency

An exploration of Professor Harminder Dua’s recent work using a technique called amnion-assisted conjunctival epithelial redirection (ACER) to aid the success of conjunctival-limbal grafting procedures. ACER provides a refined way to use amniotic membrane (amnion), such as Omnigen® (NuVision® Biotherapies,...

Corneal keloid: Report of natural history and Outcome of Surgical Management in Two Cases

Corneal keloids are rare and typically reported following trauma (including post-surgical) and has been reported without any trauma or previous surgery. A corneal keloid differs from a hypertrophied scar in that it occurs months/years after the injury, enlarges over time...

Complications of limbal stay sutures

There is limited literature describing complications at the limbal suture site. The authors describe two cases with postoperative complications due to use of intraoperative limbal stay sutures. Each case had strabismus surgery at other centres but with presentation to the...

Diffuse lamellar keratitis

This study group reviewed cytokine- and chemokine-mediated mechanisms of diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) after lamellar corneal surgical procedures. DLK can occur early or late (months to decades) after all lamellar corneal surgeries, including laser in situ keratomileusis, small incision lenticule...

OCT in peripheral corneal thinning

This small retrospective study used high resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) Heidelberg Spectralis to identify features which could determine the underlying aetiology of peripheral corneal thinning. Ten patients were included; five with diagnoses of degenerative peripheral thinning; Terrien’s marginal degeneration...

Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking

As the title suggests, this publication provides a single volume that collates much of the current knowledge and application for corneal collage cross-linking (CXL). There are 23 chapters, subdivided into seven sections, including five pages of indices. The chapters are...

Climatic droplet keratopathy

Climatic droplet keratopathy (CDK) is an acquired and potentially handicapping corneal degenerative disease that is highly prevalent in certain rural communities around the world. It predominantly affects males in their 40’s and is known by many other names such as...

Use of orthoK for myopia treatment

This article provides an updated literature review on the orthkeratology effect on myopia progression considering outcome measures, potential effect modifiers, mechanisms and current prescription concerns. The discussion centres on the extent of slowed myopia progression, mechanisms, safety concerns and comparisons...

Principles of contact lens fitting in keratoconus

Keratoconus is an ectatic condition of the cornea characterised by progressive conical distortion with irregular astigmatism, myopia and apical protrusion. Most cases progress slowly resulting in varying degrees of myopic astigmatism. Management of keratoconus includes spectacles, soft contact lenses, a...