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A randomised, controlled trial of oral propranolol in infantile haemangioma

Since its use was first reported in the New England Journal in 2008, propranolol has become the preferred treatment for infantile haemangiomas. However, there is no consensus as to the optimum dose or duration of treatment and there is a...

Aspirin and upper lid surgery

This is a double-blind randomised controlled trial of preoperative aspirin versus placebo in patients undergoing upper lid blepharoplasty or ptosis surgery. All enrolled patients were already taking aspirin and no other anti-platelet or anticoagulant drugs. All patients either had no...

What's trending Aug/Sep 2018

#QueenElizabeth #cataract It is well and truly summer! Queen Elizabeth was spotted in her sunnies during recent events, not just as a fashion accessory, or to shield the hot British summer sun. As it transpires, she underwent successful cataract surgery....

Feb/Mar 2019 Quiz

History A 31-year-old female patient presented with history of gradual downward displacement of the globe over the last six months. The superotemporal mass then became palpable (Figure 1). Lateral orbitotomy was performed following CT scans (Figure 2). Figure 1. Figure...

Restoration of colour perception in patients with retinitis pigmentosa

This is a case series testing the feasibility of using bioelectronic retinal prostheses to partially restore colour perception in seven patients with advanced retinitis pigmentosa. Bioelectronic retinal prostheses are able to bypass degenerated photoreceptors to directly stimulate the inner retinal...

MicroRNAs in cataract

In an ageing population cataract formation is one of the leading causes of blindness. Cataracts are caused by a failure to clear accumulating aggregated proteins in the lens. MicroRNAs are small non-coding transcripts which bind to specific mRNAs acting at...

Urban Changes and Rural Struggles for Ophthalmology in China

China is by far the most populated country in the world, with over 1.3 billion inhabitants. It is also the country with the highest number of blind and visually impaired people. As a developing country, half of China’s population lives...

Certifying patients as visually impaired: the start of a journey

In March 2017 there were 290,475 people registered as either visually impaired or severely visually impaired in the UK [1]. Patients registered as sight impaired benefit from financial support as well as practical help. Practical help is provided by social...

OCT Angiography in Retinal and Macular Diseases

OCT angiography (OCT-A) is based on the concept that in a static eye, the only moving structure in the fundus of the eye is blood flowing through the vessels. This book explains how the technique allows a depth-resolved analysis and...

Hemianopia or visuospatial neglect: differences in information processing

It is widely reported that visuospatial neglect and hemianopia may be superimposed, and disentangling the two conditions can be pose difficulties for clinicians. The authors of this paper explored the differences in implicit information processing which is effective in patients...

CMV assessment

This is a retrospective, cross-sectional review of medical records from a consecutive series of patients with AIDS-related cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis who were examined at five HIV disease clinics in Yangon, Myanmar, in November 2006. All patients with CD4+ T lymphocytes...

The effect of caffeine on pupil size and accommodation

Twenty-two young and healthy participants were recruited in this study. The authors showed that pupil size increased as a result of caffeine consumption. A more stable (lower variability of accommodation) accommodative response (AR) was induced by caffeine intake, whereas the...