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829 results found

Risk factors for non-arteritic ischaemic optic neuropathy in an Asian population

The authors reviewed the medical records of 45 Korean patients with non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) and 45 healthy controls, in order to determine risk factors for the condition in an Asian population. Previous studies looking at risk factors...

Retinal changes in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy

The objective of this study was to describe the changes in the retinal ganglion cell complex (GCC) relative to the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) over time, in patients with Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). For this study, 21 patients...

Choroidal defects in neurofibromatosis

The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of choroidal abnormalities using infrared reflectance imaging with optical coherence tomography (OCT) in paediatric patients with neurofibromatosis (NF) type 1. Thirty-eight eyes of 19 patients were reviewed. NF1 was diagnosed...

Vici syndrome

Vici syndrome is a condition associated with agenesis of the corpus callosum, congenital cataract, incomplete albinism, ± immunodeficiency and cardiomyopathy. Individuals show profound hypotony and severe neuro abnormalities. This paper reports a case of Vici syndrome. A 38-month-old female had...

Vital dyes in ophthalmology

This comprehensive review gives an excellent summary of the uses and properties of the different dyes available to aid better visualisation and diagnoses in ophthalmology. The authors clearly display the pharmacological properties, molecular details, osmolarity and indications in clinical ophthalmology...

Liquid adhesive bandage for clear corneal cataract incisions

This paper reports a prospective randomised controlled trial of patients undergoing routine phacoemulsification with a 2.75mm clear corneal incision and followed up for 14 days postoperatively. They evaluated wound edge closure, surgically induced astigmatism and foreign body sensation after use...

Arterial stiffness and PEX

The authors describe a study of 25 newly diagnosed patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PEX) and 25 controls to evaluate carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV) values. The CF-PWV was assessed using a noninvasive device by measuring the pulse transmit time...

Association between neuro-ophthalmology signs and chronic ataxia in children

Neuro-ophthalmological signs (N-OS) occur commonly in children with chronic ataxia. This study describes the N-OS and their frequencies, in general and by specific disease aetiology in paediatric patients with chronic ataxia. In total, 184 patients under the age of 17...

Biopsy of nasolacrimal duct using sheath guided dacryoendoscopy

In this study the author’s biopsied six eyes of five individuals with recurrent nasolacrimal duct obstruction following a prior dacryoendoscopic probing. All procedures were performed under local anaesthetic, the obstruction or lesion was directly visualised with dacryoendoscope and biopsy was...

OCT in microtropia

The aim of this study was to assess whether OCT could be useful in detecting and documenting fixation in children with microtropia. The study used spectral domain OCT (Cirrus) in 15 patients (10 female, five male) and 10 control eyes....

Timed resolution of subperiosteal empyema

The purpose of this study was to examine the quantitative changes in subperiosteal empyema (SE) size over time and the time to complete radiographic resolution of this. This was a retrospective case review of 15 cases with orbital cellulitis and...

Effects of idiopathic intracranial hypertension on the optic nerves

The authors review the latest evidence regarding how the optic nerves are affected by idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), possible pathophysiology and methods of assessment. IIH is described as a clinical syndrome of raised intracranial pressure of unknown aetiology. A systematic...