The purpose of this study was to evaluate the course of over-elevation in adduction in patients who had surgery for esotropia. Following a chart review, 28 patients met the inclusion criteria with a mean age of 53.5±53.7 months (12-252 months). Twenty-two had infantile esotropia and six were partially accommodative esotropes. Follow-up was for a mean of 16.3±7.9 months. Surgery was with bilateral medial rectus recessions. Eighty-two percent achieved surgical success with further surgery planned for four patients. One declined surgery. Mean preoperative angle was 48.2±10.3PD reducing to 8.4±12.9PD. The mean preoperative inferior oblique overaction was +2.1±0.7 reducing to +0.8±0.9 which was significant. Final examination showed that over elevation in adduction regressed in 81% of which 34.6% completely resolved without inferior oblique surgery. Limitations of this study were its retrospective design and small sample size.
Spontaneous resolution of inferior oblique overaction
Reviewed by Fiona Rowe
Spontaneous regression of over-elevation in adduction following esotropia surgery.
Fiona Rowe (Prof)
Institute of Population Health, University of Liverpool, UK.View Full Profile