The purpose of this study was to determine if adults with non-paralytic forms of strabismus are at elevated risk for developing mental illness. This was a population-based case-controlled study of 297 adults with new onset non-paralytic strabismus; 42.4% were male. Diagnoses included convergence insufficiency (CI), divergence insufficiency (DI) and small angle hypertropia. Mental health disorders were found in 55.1% of CIs versus 45.8% of control subjects; in 63.8% of DIs versus 52.5% of controls; and in 63.6% of hypertropes versus 57.6% of controls. Individuals with DI were significantly more likely to have psychiatric hospitalisations and use medications. Those with hypertropia had a higher risk of generalised anxiety disorder.

Prevalence of mental health illness among patients with adult onset strabismus.
Hassan MB, Hodge DO, Mohney BG.
Share This
Fiona Rowe (Prof)

Institute of Population Health, University of Liverpool, UK.

View Full Profile