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This multicentre study examining a five-year period from 2014 to 2018 evaluated the incidence rate and outcomes of endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection of in-house compounded bevacizumab. In-house compounded syringes were prepared in compounding pharmacy using sterile standard operating guidelines. All cases of acute endophthalmitis following intravitreal injection were recorded and followed up for final anatomical and visual outcome after management. A total of 50,361 bevacizumab injections were administered. Incidence of post-injection endophthalmitis was 0.0377%. Incidence of culture-positive endophthalmitis was 0.0178%, with 55.5% culture positivity for Staphylococcus species. A significant improvement in the final visual outcome was noted (p<0.05), and overall five patients (26.3%) achieved visual acuity of 6/18 or more. The authors conclude that in-house compounded injections of bevacizumab can reduce post-injection endophthalmitis to a minimum, with maintenance of proper asepsis and strict protocols by the compounding pharmacy.


Incidence and outcomes of endophthalmitis with in-house compounded intravitreal bevacizumab injections: A multicentric study.
Sen S, Mishra C, Kannan NB, et al.
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Su Young

Princess Alexandra Eye Pavilion, Edinburgh, UK

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