How to reconstruct an upper lid defect

In this 10-year review, the authors look at published techniques for repairing upper lid defects and their respective success. Of the 10 studies included in this paper, they divide the techniques described within to bridging and non-bridging. Bridging techniques tend...

Orbital manifestations of granulomatosis with polyangitis

This a retrospective, observational study where authors looked at the ophthalmological examination, biopsy, antibodies and CT scan results of all patients diagnosed with granulomatosis with polyangitis (GPA) from January 2007-January 2019. Out of 101 patients with diagnosis of GPA, 15...

Eyelash hair transplantation with strip composite eyebrow graft

In this article, the authors present results of eyelash transplantation with a strip composite eyebrow graft in 22 patients who underwent eyelid reconstruction with tarsoconjunctival flap procedure. The flap was divided at six weeks. The recipient pocket was created by...

Radiologic characteristics of cavernous venous malformations

This study is a retrospective review of cases with a preoperative radiologic diagnosis of cavernous venous malformations (CVMs) over 30 years. The aim of this study was to define imaging characteristics of CVMs, which will help differentiate these lesions from...

Risk of developing pseudotumor cerebri in women using a levonorgesteral intrauterine device

Pseudotumor cerebri (PCT) is a disorder causing increased intracranial pressure without a mass lesion, usually seen in obese women of childbearing age. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is an idiopathic form of the disorder, but several medications have been associated with the...

Characteristics and incidence of sixth nerve palsy in children with intracranial hypertension

The authors report the incidence and characteristics of sixth cranial nerve palsy in paediatric patients with intracranial hypertension. A retrospective review of records was performed in central Ohio over a three year period and nine children were found to have...

Occult spread of squamous cell carcinoma into the orbit

The authors describe two cases that may represent perineural spread of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) into the orbit. Both cases had cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas in the region of the lateral orbital wall (innervated by the zygomatico-temporal nerve) which...

A diagnostic imaging technique for optic pathway tumours

The authors discuss the difficult clinical scenario of patients with deteriorating visual function and an optic pathway lesion. The morbidity associated with biopsy means a highly sensitive and specific imaging technique would be of great value. The authors describe the...