How to reconstruct an upper lid defect

In this 10-year review, the authors look at published techniques for repairing upper lid defects and their respective success. Of the 10 studies included in this paper, they divide the techniques described within to bridging and non-bridging. Bridging techniques tend...

Foveal displacement after macular hole surgery

Previous studies show that internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling during macular hole surgery is associated with retinal shrinkage (microtubule depolymerization of the axons of the inner retina) and nasal shift of the fovea. A temporal inverted ILM flap technique was...

Eyelash hair transplantation with strip composite eyebrow graft

In this article, the authors present results of eyelash transplantation with a strip composite eyebrow graft in 22 patients who underwent eyelid reconstruction with tarsoconjunctival flap procedure. The flap was divided at six weeks. The recipient pocket was created by...

Use of amniotic membrane in second stage Hughes tarsocunjunctival reconstruction

This is a retrospective, non-comparative interventional case series of 30 patients who underwent amniotic membrane transplantation to lower lid margin as part of Hughes lid reconstruction to prevent a hyperaemic, hypertrophic conjunctival margin with excessive discharge. Patients undergoing more than...

Lateral tarsal strip with skin-muscle flap excision in entropion

This was a retrospective study looking at effectiveness of skin-muscle flap in conjunction with a lateral tarsal strip for the correction of involutional entropion. Lateral tarsal strip was combined with a subciliary incision from canthotomy to just lateral to lacrimal...

Outcomes of Hughes flap in lower eyelid reconstruction

One hundred and 22 consecutive patients who underwent tarsoconjunctival advancement flap surgery for lower eyelid defects were part of this study. Ninety percent of them had lesion excision using Mohs micrographic surgery. Eighty percent of these were for basal cell...

Eyebrow reconstruction

This article is a systematic review of surgical techniques for reconstruction of the eyebrow. The authors discuss the anatomy of the eyebrow, structure of its hair follicles and principles underlying the reconstruction. Options for direct closure, types of advancement and...