A case of post-viral ocular microflutter

A number of eye movements disrupt visual fixation, one such movement being saccadic intrusions which are described as small involuntary saccadic movements. Among saccadic intrusions without intersaccadic intervals, ocular flutter and opsoclonus are prominent. When the saccadic amplitude is very...

Optic disc haemorrhages as a risk factor for poor outcomes in IIH

This is a report of a review of optic disc photographs, of the type and frequency of the optic disc haemorrhages (ODH), papilloedema grades and other fundoscopic abnormalities at baseline. In the study eyes of 133 patients enrolled in the...

Use of acetazolamide for symptoms of visual vertigo

Visual vertigo is a disorder characterised by symptoms of dizziness, vertigo, unsteadiness, disorientation and general discomfort induced by visual triggers. It is currently treated with vestibular rehabilitation therapy, with no effective pharmacotherapy options available for treatment resistant case. Oral acetazolamide...

A case report of alternating anisocoria with associated nasal congestion

The authors have described a group of healthy individuals who show alternating anisocoria, in a previous paper. In these cases, the pupil asymmetry alternates between eyes every few hours, with no observed instances when both pupils are equal in size....

Could medical cannabis be used to successfully treat blepharospam?

This study observed the effect of medical cannabis in benign essential blepharospasm (BEB), in addition to standard botulinum toxin treatment. The study comprised of a retrospective chart review on eligible patients and included information on patient demographics, responses, cannabis history...

Development of testing protocols for high and low contrast visual acuity

Dysfunction of the afferent visual system, characterised by impairments in high-contrast visual acuity (HCVA) and low-contrast visual acuity (LCVA) have been demonstrated in some neurological conditions such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. HCVA and LCVA are also potential quantitative...

Hemianopia or visuospatial neglect: differences in information processing

It is widely reported that visuospatial neglect and hemianopia may be superimposed, and disentangling the two conditions can be pose difficulties for clinicians. The authors of this paper explored the differences in implicit information processing which is effective in patients...

Association between colour vision impairment and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that colour vision impairment is associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Abnormalities of the inner and intermediate retinal structures in patients with ALS have been described using optical coherence tomography...

Early diagnosis of pituitary apoplexy using combined MRI findings

The author presents a literature review searching the terms ‘pituitary ring sign’ and ‘sphenoid sinus mucosal thickening’ in the context of pituitary apoplexy from 1990 until the present day. These two findings are both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs of...

Treatment for post stroke visual impairment – clinical practice versus literature evidence

The aim of this paper is to compare the treatments reported in a large scale stroke study (Vision in stroke (VIS) Study) against the treatments identified in a full systematic literature review. The purpose was to identify which treatment /...

A comparison of colour vision tests in the presence of contrast sensitivity loss

This study analyses the effect of contrast sensitivity (CS) loss on colour vision (CV) testing, using a variety of colour vision tests. The authors used a computer model for CS loss to determine its effect on CV testing scores for...

Unexplained vision loss following exposure to combat

Non-organic vision loss (NOVL) is defined as a decrease in visual acuity or visual field without an identifiable organic cause. NOVL can be particularly challenging and time-consuming to diagnose, especially where the vision loss is superimposed on an element of...