Driving with the use of spectacle mounted telescopes (bioptics)

The authors discuss the current perspectives of spectacle mounted telescopes (bioptics) whilst driving among patients with visual impairment. The history, design and driving laws surrounding the use of bioptics is discussed in detail. In 1977, William Feinbloom developed a bioptic...

Retinal changes in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy

The objective of this study was to describe the changes in the retinal ganglion cell complex (GCC) relative to the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) over time, in patients with Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). For this study, 21 patients...

Static subjective visual vertical (SVV) in the normal visual system

Graviception is the perception of a persons’ orientation relative to gravitational force. This can be measured by means of subjective verticals, which can be divided into three tests: subjective visual vertical (SVV), subjective postural vertical (SPV) and subjective haptic vertical...

Use of RAPDx device with optic nerve disease

The authors have previously reported on use of the RAPDx device for evaluating relative afferent pupillary defects (RAPD). RAPDx objectively determines the magnitude of RAPD by presenting light stimuli alternately to pairs of eyes with laterality. The parameters of amplitude...

Differential diagnosis in cases of suspected neuroretinitis

Neuroretinitis is a form of optic neuropathy typically characterised by acute unilateral visual loss with optic disc oedema and macular exudates arranged in a star figure around the fovea (complete or partial star). The purpose of this study was to...

A case report of visual loss as a consequence of coeliac disease

The authors present a case of permanent visual loss secondary to occipital lobe calcification in coeliac disease, the first reported such case. The 58-year-old man had been diagnosed with coeliac disease 20 years prior to his visual investigations and had...

Using OCT to screen and monitor Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative illness characterised by progressive decline in cognitive function. AD is the main cause of dementia worldwide. Over recent years researchers have strived to find biomarkers to diagnose AD, particularly in the early stages of...

Localising the cause of bloody tears

The authors present two cases of ‘idiopathic’ bloody tearing. The paper presents the potential causes of bloody tearing, highlighting the difficulty that can be encountered in diagnosing and managing these patients. The authors use punctal plugs in these cases which...

An unusual presentation of dysthyroid orbitopathy

The authors present a case of a 50-year-old male smoker who presented with bilateral gaze evoked amaurosis (GEA), i.e. the patient was aware of loss of vision in all gaze positions other than the primary position. The patient was being...

Bisphosphonates can cause orbital inflammation

The authors describe four patients with bisphosphonate induced orbital inflammation and review a further 25 cases in the literature. Intravenous zoledronate was the most common precipitant (76% of cases) with the mean time until onset of inflammation being three days...

Recurrent thyroid eye disease

This study investigates the incidence of recurrent thyroid eye disease. The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of 415 patients who had been diagnosed with thyroid eye disease between 2006 and 2012. The medical notes were scrutinised for evidence of a...

Bupivicaine injection for Bell’s palsy

This study assesses the use of intramuscular bupivicaine to treat lid retraction and lagophthalmos in facial palsy. It is a prospective non-comparative interventional series of 10 patients with Bell’s palsy (House-Brackman grade IV or V) who each received three serial...