Predicting causes and prognosis in cases of optic disc swelling

The authors reviewed 93 consecutive cases with optic disc swelling (ODS) with the purpose of comparing the clinical manifestations and prognosis between cases. The aim was to understand the differences in frequency and clinical features of ODS, relating these to...

Risk of developing pseudotumor cerebri in women using a levonorgesteral intrauterine device

Pseudotumor cerebri (PCT) is a disorder causing increased intracranial pressure without a mass lesion, usually seen in obese women of childbearing age. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is an idiopathic form of the disorder, but several medications have been associated with the...

Risk factors for non-arteritic ischaemic optic neuropathy in an Asian population

The authors reviewed the medical records of 45 Korean patients with non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) and 45 healthy controls, in order to determine risk factors for the condition in an Asian population. Previous studies looking at risk factors...

Retreatment of myopic LASIK with femtosecond and custom ablation

The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for retreatment post laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). A retrospective chart review was carried out for a four-year period and all patients who had undergone LASIK at the Boston...

OCT changes in chronic optic neuropathy

The authors evaluated optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography in 10 patients who suffered various types of chronic optic neuropathies. Glaucoma is known to cause a decrease in peripapillary perfused capillary density on OCT angiography. However, other optic neuropathies have not...

Patients’ perspective over quality of care and cataract surgery

This study analyses the factors of perceived quality of care among patients undergoing cataract surgery. A questionnaire was designed to assess the patients’ views about the quality of care using QUOTE (Quality of Care through the Patient’s Eyes), which assessed...

Comparison of visual fields between migraine and tension type headaches

The aim of the study was to compare the clinical features and visual fields of patients with migraine without aura and tension type headache. Visual fields were assessed whilst the patients were having an attack of pain and tested using...

A clinical review of optic neuropathy associated with amiodarone

The authors present a clinical overview of the occurrence of visual loss secondary to optic neuropathy associated with the use of the antiarrhythmic agent amiodarone. Amiodarone is prescribed for the management of atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia / fibrillation. However,...

A novel test for unilateral functional visual loss

The authors report results of three cases of functional visual loss, where regular ophthalmic testing was not sufficient to confirm the diagnosis. In these cases, bilateral concurrent eye examination was performed using a head-mounted perimeter (imo), to facilitate the diagnosis....

Treatment options for septic cavernous sinus thrombosis

Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis is a rare but serious complication of infection of the cavernous sinuses. Potential therapies include antibiotics, corticosteroids and anticoagulation, as well as surgical intervention for source control of the infection. The authors report that there is...

Resolution of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH): case series

The authors report the findings from 14 patients following treatment for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). All 14 patients experienced an immediate and sustained resolution of the IIH in the setting of prolonged cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage at a rate greater...

Histopathological changes in rabbit retinitis pigmentosa

The authors report the histopathological changes of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), optic disc and optic nerve in rabbit with advanced retinitis pigmentosa (RP). RP was recreated in rabbits by using bacterial artificial chromosome transgenesis, with the purpose of increasing understanding...