Comparison of ketorolac 0.4% and nepafenac 0.1% for the prevention of CMO after phacoemulsification

This is a prospective randomised clinical trial study including patients older than 40 years with age related cataract and normal ophthalmic examination. The patients are randomised into three different groups and the objective of the study is to compare the...

Changes in refractive error in patients with accommodative esotropia after being weaned from hyperopic correction

This is a retrospective review of medical records of 47 patients with refractive ocular accommodative esotropia who achieved emmetropisation and orthotropia without hyperopic glasses correction and were followed up for at least three years. The objective of the study is...

Evaluation of keratometry with a novel colour LED corneal topographer

The Cassini topographer (i-Optics), which analyses corneal shape based on the reconstruction of specular reflections on 679 coloured LEDs, generates keratometry and is the new machine being compared in this study with other keratometry devices. The prospective comparative study included...

Influence of FLEx and SMILE on corneal nerve density and ocular surface

This was a prospective study designed to compare the influence of femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEx) and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) on the corneal nerve density and ocular surface for myopic correction. Thirty patients underwent bilateral lenticule extraction. One eye...

Toric intraocular lens rotation related to the capsulorrhexis

The risk factors for postoperative rotation in the early post-operative period; a longer axial length, younger patients, and with the rule astigmatism as described by Miyake T et al. (JCRS 2014) in a case series of six eyes. This letter...

Closed-chamber haptic re-externalisation for posteriorly displaced sclerotomy and inadequate haptic tuck in glued posterior chamber intraocular lenses

This technique (online video http://jcrsjournal.org) emphasises the importance of both symmetrical and sufficient anterior placement of sclerotomies to externalise an adequate length of the haptics, which in turn provides good centration and stability of the intra-ocular lens (IOL). The authors...

How much money is wasted on tests prior to cataract surgery? And why?

For routine cataract surgery, numerous studies have found that preoperative testing does not contribute usefully to safety or surgical success. Despite such guidelines, tests ordered for patients prior to phacoemulsification in the US remains high. To quantify the associated costs,...

Influence of overall intraocular lens diameter on rotational stability

It has been shown that approximately one in three patients undergoing cataract surgery have >1.0D corneal astigmatism and managing this during surgery is important to achieve good refractive outcomes. One of the widely used ways of reducing preoperative astigmatism during...

Effect of selenium and vitamin E supplements on the development and progression of cataracts

The Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT) investigated the influence of dietary supplements on the development of prostate cancer in a group of 35,533 middle aged and older, apparently healthy men. The SELECT Eye Endpoint (SEE) study is...

Results after 1.4mm biaxial cataract surgery and implantation of a new aspheric intraocular lens

The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical outcome and higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after 1.4mm biaxial micro incision cataract surgery (B-MICS) and implantation of a new aspheric intraocular lens (IOL). A total of 157 eyes of 106 patients...

Nasolacrimal duct screening to minimise post cataract endophthalmitis

This case control study compared the nasolacrimal duct (NLD) patency in a random sample of phacoemulsification cataract surgery patients (control group) versus a consecutive series of patients who developed endophthalmitis post cataract surgery (case group). NLD syringing was performed in...

Visual performance of new multifocal IOL

Multifocal IOLs (MIOLs) keep evolving to try and get the best outcome in terms of vision and reduction of side-effects. This prospective interventional study was carried out on 34 eyes of 17 patients (11 women (65%) and six men (35%))...