Association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and age-related cataracts

Cataractogenesis occurs as a result of ageing, smoking, exposure to UV radiation and genetic predisposition. Antioxidants can reduce the cataract risk as found in animal models and humans and vitamin D is one of them. This epidemiological study based in...

Incidence and risk factors of late in the bag intraocular lens dislocation

The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for late in the bag dislocation over a 21 year period. Worldwide the incidence varies from 0.05% to 3.0%. In this Swedish study they report an increase in incidence in...

Prophylaxis for clinical macular oedema after phacoemulsification

The authors report on a retrospective cohort study looking at three different prophylaxis methods for macular oedema after cataract surgery: 1) Topical prednisolone acetate (PA) alone; 2) Topical PA in combination with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID); 3) Intraoperative subconjunctival injection...

Simple approach to prevent capsule tear-out during capsulorhexis creation in hyper mature cataracts

Puncturing the anterior capsule in the anterior chamber so that the pressure falls below intracapsular tension causes the rhexis to extend out to the equator. If this develops into a tear that wraps around the entire lens it is called...

How does cataract surgery affect eyes with wet AMD?

In this retrospective cohort study the authors’ primary objective was to assess whether cataract surgery in eyes with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD), triggered its progression. The surgical group comprised of 40 eyes versus 42 eyes in the non-surgical control...

Comparison of ketorolac 0.4% and nepafenac 0.1% for the prevention of CMO after phacoemulsification

This is a prospective randomised clinical trial study including patients older than 40 years with age related cataract and normal ophthalmic examination. The patients are randomised into three different groups and the objective of the study is to compare the...

Changes in refractive error in patients with accommodative esotropia after being weaned from hyperopic correction

This is a retrospective review of medical records of 47 patients with refractive ocular accommodative esotropia who achieved emmetropisation and orthotropia without hyperopic glasses correction and were followed up for at least three years. The objective of the study is...

Evaluation of keratometry with a novel colour LED corneal topographer

The Cassini topographer (i-Optics), which analyses corneal shape based on the reconstruction of specular reflections on 679 coloured LEDs, generates keratometry and is the new machine being compared in this study with other keratometry devices. The prospective comparative study included...

Influence of FLEx and SMILE on corneal nerve density and ocular surface

This was a prospective study designed to compare the influence of femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEx) and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) on the corneal nerve density and ocular surface for myopic correction. Thirty patients underwent bilateral lenticule extraction. One eye...

Toric intraocular lens rotation related to the capsulorrhexis

The risk factors for postoperative rotation in the early post-operative period; a longer axial length, younger patients, and with the rule astigmatism as described by Miyake T et al. (JCRS 2014) in a case series of six eyes. This letter...

Closed-chamber haptic re-externalisation for posteriorly displaced sclerotomy and inadequate haptic tuck in glued posterior chamber intraocular lenses

This technique (online video http://jcrsjournal.org) emphasises the importance of both symmetrical and sufficient anterior placement of sclerotomies to externalise an adequate length of the haptics, which in turn provides good centration and stability of the intra-ocular lens (IOL). The authors...

How much money is wasted on tests prior to cataract surgery? And why?

For routine cataract surgery, numerous studies have found that preoperative testing does not contribute usefully to safety or surgical success. Despite such guidelines, tests ordered for patients prior to phacoemulsification in the US remains high. To quantify the associated costs,...