Comparison of corneal deformation parameters in keratoconic and normal eyes

This study set out to compare biomechanical properties between normal and keratoconic eyes. It was a retrospective study evaluating 89 eyes (47 normal, 42 keratoconic) and a validation arm of 72 eyes (33 normal, 39 keratoconic) using a high speed...

Is it worth performing cataract surgery in amblyopic eyes?

It was estimated that about 3% of all cataract surgeries in adults were performed in eyes that have pre-existing amblyopia, and there is a long-standing belief that eyes with amblyopia have limited benefit from cataract extraction in the adult age....

Self refracting – child’s play?

Uncorrected refractive error was the leading cause of vision impairment in the world in 2010. Although refractive error may be safely and effectively corrected with spectacles, lack of well-trained refractionists in settings of limited resources may be a major barrier....

Topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy in the treatment of corneal scarring

This study reports the outcome of topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy (TG-PRK) in the treatment of patients with corneal scarring. A retrospective case series including six eyes of six patients with corneal scarring and irregular astigmatism who underwent topography guided PRK. The...

Outcomes of cataract surgery in eyes with weak zonules

Pseudoexfoliation (PEX) and zonular weakness have long been known to increase the risk of complication of cataract surgery. This retrospective study looks at the results of phacoemulsion and intraocular implantation in 295 eyes with pseudoexfoliation and zonular weakness, with a...

Incidence and factors associated with complication of sutured and sutureless cataract surgery following PPV

This is a retrospective review of 485 patients who had undergone phacoemulsification and IOL implantation after previous pars planar victrectomy (PPV) surgery between May 2000 and May 2014. The incidence and factors contributing to complications were studied. The most common...

Risk factors for intraoperative floppy iris syndrome

Intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) is charcterised by flaccid iris stroma leading to fluttering and billowing of iris, tendency of iris to prolapse through surgical incisions and causing intraoperative pupil constriction. IFIS is characterised as complete when all three features...

Wrong intraocular lens events – what lessons have we learned?

Data from wrong IOL patient safety incidents (PSIs) submitted to the National Reporting and Learning System (2010–2014) were reviewed and scrutinised by thematic analysis and compared with the historical data collected for groups in 2003-2010, prior to the mandatory checklist...

Prediction errors of formulas in optical biometers

This study was conducted retrospectively in a private practice setting. Nine formulas were compared for prediction error (postoperative spherical equivalent (SE) minus, predicted SE calculated by each formula), using two optical biometers (Lenstar – optical low coherence reflectometry (OLCR) and...

OVD influences

This prospective case series provides data on a previously uninvestigated area. Eyes due to have routine phakoemulsification were divided into six groups according to ophthalmic viscosurgical device (OVD) type. After cataract extraction aphasic refraction using intraoperative aberrometry with the ocular...

Corneal molecular and cellular biology for refractive surgeon

This is an interesting literature review that looks into the recent advances concerning the corneal molecular and cellular processes that are involved in the wound healing response after excimer laser surface ablation and LASIK surgery. It talks about the complex...

MicroRNAs in cataract

In an ageing population cataract formation is one of the leading causes of blindness. Cataracts are caused by a failure to clear accumulating aggregated proteins in the lens. MicroRNAs are small non-coding transcripts which bind to specific mRNAs acting at...