Fungi in chronic anterior blepharitis

In this prospective, non-randomised cross-sectional study the authors demonstrate the presence of fungi in patients with chronic anterior blepharitis of at least two years duration. Eyelash samples were obtained by epilation with sterile forceps and evaluated with PAS staining, fungal...

Bleb-related changes in upper lid position

This is a review of five patients with upper lid ptosis or lid retraction secondary to large filtering blebs post-trabeculectomy. The authors review each case and apply a model to analyse the separate forces acting on the upper lid to...

Proprioception and ptosis

This is a small prospective study investigating the effect of proprioceptive factors on upper lid height. Eight unilaterally anophthalmic patients with ocular prostheses and normal lid heights had standardised photographic measurements taken of their eyelid and brow positions. Three sets...

Association between serum levels of testosterone and estradiol with meibomian gland assessments in postmenopausal women

This study aims to reveal any correlation between serum levels of testosterone and estradiol in postmenopausal women with meibomian gland dysfunction. Postmenopausal subjects were defined as amenorrhoea for at least one year with low follide stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol....

Comparison of central laminar thickness in optic neuropathy and normal eyes

The study compares central laminar thickness (LT) among patients with glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON), patients with non-GON and normal subjects. The non-GON group comprised eyes with demyelinating optic neuropathy (ON), anterior ischaemic ON, compressive ON, Leber hereditary ON and traumatic...

Light reflex in preterm infants

In this study, the pupillary size and light reflex was examined in premature infants using infrared video-pupillography and stimuli of red and blue light. Only eyes of infants without retinopathy of prematurity were included in the study. Pupillary light reflexes...

Interesting causes and consequences of orbital inflammations

Three articles discuss various causes and consequences or orbital cellulitis. The first highlights the possibility of orbital cellulitis causing cavernous sinus thrombosis and in the case presented progression to internal carotid artery aneurysm. The authors highlight the importance of considering...

Repeated orbital decompression surgery

This is a retrospective review of nine redo orbital decompressions in six patients. All operations were performed for dysthyroid optic neuropathy, both initially and when repeated. The interval between first and redo decompressions varied from one to 15 years and...

A phase 3 randomised trial of nicotinamide for skin cancer chemoprevention

To B3, or not to B3? That was the question asked in this controlled trial in which the authors were able to show that oral nicotinamide (vitamin B3) is able to reduce further skin cancer development in high risk patients....

Neighbourhood deprivation and risk of age-related eye diseases

In this large epidemiological study, the authors sought to determine if neighbourhood wealth affects age-related ocular health. In particular they wished to see if there was a correlation between social deprivation and macular degeneration, cataract, diabetes-related eye complications, and glaucoma....

Managing blepharophimosis

The authors present a prospective study of a one-stage technique for managing both telecanthus and ptosis seen in blepharophimosis syndrome. The technique involves carrying out a Y to V medial canthoplasty followed by a frontalis suspension which the authors carry...

Meibomian gland alteration in patients with primary chronic dacryocystitis: An in vivo confocal microscopy study

Chronic dacryocystitis affects tear film functionality and can predispose to ocular surface disease, however the specific effect of chronic dacryocystitis on meibomian gland function has not been studied. This group therefore performed in vivo confocal microscopy in 28 patients’ eyes...