PD-1 and PD-L1 in exenteration specimens

This is an immunohistochemical study looking at variation in the expression of the programmed death-1 receptor (PD-1) and the programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1), comparing cutaneous malignancies which invaded the orbit with uncomplicated nodular basal cell carcinomas. The authors retrospectively...

Imaging and histological relationship of orbital Schwannomas

This is a retrospective review of 15 patients with orbital Schwannomas comparing the radiological characteristics, in particular the signal intensity on MRI, with the histological sub-types of the tumours. Five patients had MRI imaging alone, three had CT alone and...

A review of orbital plasmacytomas

This is a multicentre review of 30 patients with orbital plasmacytomas. There were equal numbers of males and females, and the average age at diagnosis was 57 years. All patients were either already diagnosed with systemic multiple myeloma or it...

Large collar diameter Jones tubes

This is the first report of the success rates of frosted Jones tubes with larger diameter, 4.5 or 5mm collars. This is a retrospective review of 29 eyes of 25 patients who underwent insertion of a large diameter collar frosted...

Avoiding pre-placed recti sutures in enucleation

This is a retrospective review of 40 patients who underwent enucleation using a non-conventional technique in which the recti muscles were detached from the sclera without pre-placing any sutures to secure the cut muscle ends. The surgery was only performed...

IgG4 related orbital disease

This retrospective study was done to determine the prevalence of IgG4 related orbital disease (IgG4ROD) in patients who previously had biopsies for suspected idiopathic orbital inflammatory disease (IOID) and / or orbital lymphoproliferative disease (OLD). The charts and slides of...

Lateral tarsal strip with skin-muscle flap excision in entropion

This was a retrospective study looking at effectiveness of skin-muscle flap in conjunction with a lateral tarsal strip for the correction of involutional entropion. Lateral tarsal strip was combined with a subciliary incision from canthotomy to just lateral to lacrimal...

Lester Jones tubes: Can these be tolerated long-term?

The authors present a retrospective case review study of a cohort of patients with Lester Jones’ tubes first placed between 1969 and 1989, and who were reviewed within the last 15 years. Twenty-nine patients (33 eyes) were included in the...

OCT imaging of occluded puncta

This is a description of the use of enhanced depth optical coherence tomography (OCT) to see whether a patent ampulla or canaliculus is detectable in patients with absent or occluded puncta. Nine occluded puncta of six patients with epiphora were...

Marcus Gunn jaw winking without ptosis

This is a review of 72 cases of Marcus-Gunn jaw winking syndrome. The authors reviewed all their congenital ptoses seen over a 16 year period and found 72 Marcus-Gunn cases of out of a total of 848 patients. Within the...

Outcomes of Hughes flap in lower eyelid reconstruction

One hundred and 22 consecutive patients who underwent tarsoconjunctival advancement flap surgery for lower eyelid defects were part of this study. Ninety percent of them had lesion excision using Mohs micrographic surgery. Eighty percent of these were for basal cell...

Systemic screening in adnexal lymphoma

This is a retrospective review of 119 patients diagnosed with ocular adnexal lymphoma, 85 of whom had primary adnexal disease and 34 had previously been diagnosed with lymphoma outside the ocular adnexa. Sixty-eight of the primary and 24 of the...