Incidence of eyelid basal cell carcinoma in England

A retrospective review by using the ICD-10 and histology codes for eyelid basal cell carcinoma (BCCs) (including the inner canthus) from the English National Cancer Data Repository were used to identify incident events between the period 2000 to 2010. There...

Conjunctival mapping biopsies in sebaceous carcinoma

This is a retrospective review of conjunctival mapping biopsies in patients with periocular sebaceous cell carcinoma. The authors reviewed the biopsy technique and outcomes of 45 patients who had mapping biopsies performed over a 25-year period. A total of 429...

Reduction of postoperative bruising and swelling

This is a review of 27 patients undergoing periocular surgery who postoperatively applied hydrogel pads impregnated with Arnica montana and Ledum palustre (Ocumend, Cearna inc., Chicago). The pads were used continuously for the first two postoperative days, changing them every...

Revision of orbital fracture repairs

This is a retrospective review of 13 patients with sub-optimal outcomes following primary orbital fracture repairs who underwent revision surgery. All had fractures of the orbital floor, with four involving other orbital walls, and six also involving other facial bones....

Natural regression of brow heaviness in thyroid eye disease

This is a retrospective review of the change over time in the sub-brow fat volume in 104 patients with thyroid eye disease. Standardised photographs taken at diagnosis were compared with those taken after an average period of 10 years (+/-...

Lacrimal gland carcinoma

This is a major review of the management of lacrimal gland carcinoma, focusing mainly on adenoid cystic carcinoma. Relevant literature published in English since 1970 was included amounting to some 40 articles after filtering. Overall mortality for all lacrimal gland...

Lateral canthal position after lateral orbitotomy

This is a retrospective photographic study of changes in the lateral canthal position following a lateral orbitotomy performed via a lateral canthotomy and cantholysis of both upper and lower limbs of the lateral canthal tendon. Reconstruction of the lateral canthus...

Sliding lower lid tarsal flap

This is a retrospective review of a lower lid reconstructive technique utilising a sliding tarsal flap. Thirty-two patients who had undergone Mohs surgery were included and each had a shallow marginal defect with at least one remaining tarsal edge having...

Fungi in chronic anterior blepharitis

In this prospective, non-randomised cross-sectional study the authors demonstrate the presence of fungi in patients with chronic anterior blepharitis of at least two years duration. Eyelash samples were obtained by epilation with sterile forceps and evaluated with PAS staining, fungal...

Bleb-related changes in upper lid position

This is a review of five patients with upper lid ptosis or lid retraction secondary to large filtering blebs post-trabeculectomy. The authors review each case and apply a model to analyse the separate forces acting on the upper lid to...

Proprioception and ptosis

This is a small prospective study investigating the effect of proprioceptive factors on upper lid height. Eight unilaterally anophthalmic patients with ocular prostheses and normal lid heights had standardised photographic measurements taken of their eyelid and brow positions. Three sets...

Association between serum levels of testosterone and estradiol with meibomian gland assessments in postmenopausal women

This study aims to reveal any correlation between serum levels of testosterone and estradiol in postmenopausal women with meibomian gland dysfunction. Postmenopausal subjects were defined as amenorrhoea for at least one year with low follide stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol....