Intermittent manual compression for CCF

Carotid cavernous fistulae (CCF) can be classified as high and low-flow or as having direct and indirect communication. Most commonly, management of high-flow CCF is with endovascular embolisation. The authors look at an alternative treatment for CCF in indirect low-flow...

Autologous scleral button for anterior defect in evisceration surgery

This is a small case series of five patients who have had evisceration surgery using a new technique. The anterior defect created when removing the corneal button has been closed by taking an autologous posterior scleral graft inferomedial to the...

Investigation into the anatomical differences of eyelashes between Caucasian and Indian specimens

This study investigated the anatomy of human eyelashes through analysis of root depth, angle, and spatial relationship. Four eyelids from Caucasian donors were obtained from fresh donors and four eyelids from Indian donors were obtained from eye bank calls. The...

Tocilizumab in Graves’ orbitopathy

This prospective European study looks at the response to tocilizumab in corticosteroid-resistant disease. Tocilizumab (TCZ) is a monoclonal antibody that competitively inhibits IL-6 binding to its receptor. Unlike teprotumumab, the advantage of TCZ is that it is already used within...

Complications of orbital cavernous venous malformation excision

This is a review of 290 patients who underwent excision of orbital cavernous venous malformations (OCVM) between 1970 and 2021, looking to identify the risk factors for a poor visual outcome following surgery. Intraconal lesions were classified as Group I,...

Clinical presentation, management, and outcomes in posterior segment open globe injuries

This is a retrospective, non-comparative, interventional case study of patients presenting with scleral and corneoscleral wounds covering a five-year period. It reports the clinical presentation, management, and factors affecting the outcomes of posterior segment open globe injuries (OGI) in 2360...

Surgical correction of lacrimal gland prolapse

This is a systematic review of published literature on the management of lacrimal gland prolapse or ptosis. The authors found 16 publications which contained a description of any surgical correction of a prolapsed lacrimal gland, comprising seven case reports, four...

Ophthalmic presentations and outcomes in Erdheim-Chester disease

This is a comprehensive article describing clinical manifestations and pathogenesis of Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) followed by a literature review of the available treatments. The authors look to compare historical treatment (HT) with vemurafenib, a BRAF inhibitor. ECD is a non-Langerhans...

Differentiating orbital cellulitis from non-specific orbital inflammation

This is a retrospective study looking at whether common laboratory investigations can help differentiate between orbital cellulitis (OC) and non-specific orbital inflammation (NSOI). NSOI is a diagnosis of exclusion following negative investigations for systemic diseases such as IgG4-related disease, granulomatosis...

Telemedicine for postoperative reviews

This is a detailed study looking at the use of telemedicine in the context of a postoperative review following oculoplastic and orbital surgery. The authors combined a video consultation (telephone if there were technical issues) with a ‘pre-visit tool’ that...

Normative dimensions of the lacrimal gland

This article looks at the normative dimensions of the lacrimal gland in the axial and coronal plane on fat-suppressed T1 weighted contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Previous data on this subject has come from computed tomography (CT). MRI is known...

Evisceration in India: demographic and clinical trends from a large multicentre cohort study

In this multicentre cohort study, the authors investigated a total of 2071 patients who underwent evisceration with primary implant placement over a six-year period at four tertiary eyecare centres in India. Out of 1,345,480 new ophthalmic presentations during the study...