Spot screen versus cycloplegic refraction

This study compared the spherical, cylindrical and spherical equivalent values obtained by the Spot screener before and after induction of cycloplegia with the values of cycloplegic refraction to explore the application value of the Spot screener in refractive error screening...

RCT of VR training versus occlusion for amblyopia

The purpose of this study was to compare the visual outcomes of occlusion with game playing through a virtual reality (VR) system in children with unilateral amblyopia. The study was undertaken at the Negah Eye Hospital in Iran. This was...

Differential diagnosis of retinoblastoma and pseudo retinoblastoma

The authors reviewed the rate of pseudo retinoblastoma (PRB) among cases referred for suspicion of RB at a tertiary referral centre in Turkey and the distribution of PRB cases according to age. This was a retrospective study of 549 patients...

Questionable ERG use for Vigabatrin screening

The authors aimed to identify the usefulness of electroretinograms (ERGs) as screening for retinal toxicity in patients taking Vigabatrin in a single centre study. This was a retrospective review of full field ERGs and included 170 ERGs of 138 patients...

Key research and practical information to inform INS care

This ‘tutorial’ format paper aims to translate key research findings and conclusions into practical terms, discuss their clinical utility and introduce a new clinical method that accurately measures the static visual deficits in infantile nystagmus (INS), predicts the improvements that...

Outcomes after surgical excision of limbal dermoid

The authors aimed to report the visual and refractive outcomes and complications of simple excision of limbal dermoid (LD) sparing the visual axis and Descemet’s membrane in children aged ≤8 years. This was a retrospective review over 2000-2019 including 19...

Association of subconjunctival haemorrhage with non-accidental injury

This study assessed the frequency and nature of diagnostic work-ups in infants with subconjunctival haemorrhage (SCH), the incidence of occult injuries among these patients and the factors that may have influenced the work-up. This was a retrospective secondary analysis of...

Scheimpflug imaging in paediatric glaucoma

The authors undertook this study to report the corneal tomographic characteristics of eyes that had surgery for controlled primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) compared to a control group. The study included 44 eyes of 27 children (18 males) having surgery for...

Changes in corneal endothelial layer after strabismus surgery

The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in the corneal endothelial layer by specular microscopy after surgery in patients with horizontal and oblique strabismus. Eighty-three eyes of 56 patients were evaluated prospectively. There were three subgroups: one...

Visual fatigue associated with greater online digital use during the pandemic

The purpose of this study was to subjectively examine the degree of visual fatigue in children attending online classes during the pandemic and objectively evaluate accommodation and vergence of these children. The study was undertaken from July-August 2020 and recruited...

Pilot trial of virtual reality to treat amblyopia beyond the age of seven years

A pilot double-blind randomised controlled trial is presented. Patients were required to be between seven and 38 years of age, have a diagnosis of anisometropic and / or strabismus unilateral amblyopia, visual acuity in the amblyopic eye between 0.3-1.0 LogMAR...

At what age do children start to negatively judge ptosis?

The authors present a cohort study to assess for the presence of peer bias against ptosis. Recruitment took place in nursery and primary schools, of children aged three to six-years-old. An exclusion criterion was the presence of a visible ophthalmic...