Change in hyperopia with strabismus

This study aimed to evaluate hyperopic evolution patterns in children with early diagnosis (before three years) and treatment. This was a retrospective study of 78 eyes of 39 children. Forty-nine percent were males and mean follow-up was 130 months (72-193)....

Refraction under GA in children using cycloplegic refraction as a reference

The authors aimed to compare the measurements of cycloplegic refraction and refraction (R1-1) under general anaesthesia (GA) with automated refraction (ARF) in paediatric patients and to determine the impact of GA on accommodation. The study included 222 eyes of 222...

Surgery to collapse V exo

This paper describes a case report of an extra-large V pattern measuring >60PD and the surgery required to collapse the pattern. The patient was a female aged 20 years. Angle measurements were 70PD at distance and 75PD at near in...

Variability and reliability of Lea grating paddles

The authors aimed to determine interobserver variability and reliability of Lea grating paddles when assessing grating acuity in pre and non-verbal children. This was a prospective study of 31 consecutive patients; 29 pre-verbal <36 months and two with delayed speech...

Long-term surgical success for basic exotropia

The purpose of this study was to report long-term outcomes after unilateral recess / resect surgery for basic intermittent exotropia with minimal follow-up of 10 years. This was a retrospective review of 445 patients with surgery for basic intermittent exotropia:...

Glaucoma diagnosis after paediatric cataract surgery

The authors undertook a retrospective review of patients with glaucoma after congenital cataract surgery and report clinical presentation, treatment and long-term outcomes at a tertiary referral centre. The study included 58 eyes of 42 patients of which 59% were male....

Childhood glaucoma outcomes and prognosis

This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between clinical characteristics and visual acuity in childhood glaucoma. The study included 45 eyes of 31 patients; 33.3% with primary childhood glaucoma and 66.7% with secondary glaucoma; 53.4% of secondary cases had glaucoma...

Esotropia Duane’s syndrome (DRS) surgery

The authors aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of augmented superior rectus transposition surgery with / without medial rectus (MR) recession versus MR recession along in the treatment of esotropic DRS. This was a prospective randomised trial of 20...

Amblyopia risk factors detected at screening

The aim of this study was to assess amblyopia prevalence in a population of 299 adolescents aged 10-14 years who were screened for risk factors at pre-school age using photoscreening. Eighty-three had screening at one-year-old, 94 at preschool age and...

LACTOSE control score for exotropia

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of change in control over multiple measurements in a single clinic visit using the Look and Cover, then Ten seconds of Observation Scale for Exotropia (LACTOSE) scoring system in patients...

Glaucoma surgery in Sturge-Weber syndrome

The authors report the largest retrospective study of surgical results of goniotomoy and trabeculectomy for 42 patients (46 eyes) with glaucoma associated with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS). There were 18 males and 24 females, and 62 goniotomy procedures (51 goniotomy surgery,...

Age versus heterophoria and fusional vergence measures

This study aimed to establish the relationship between age, horizontal heterophoria, horizontal vergences, positive / negative fusional vergence and vergence facilities. The study recruited 112 subjects aged 39.8 ±14.97 years (range 18-65) of which 54.5% were female. There were 49...