What caregivers know about VKC and effect of this on compliance

The authors aimed to determine the knowledge, attitude, and practice among caregivers of children with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) to assess their level of understanding of the disease and factors that affect compliance with medical advice and compel them to use...

Causes of childhood open globe injuries sustained during playtime

This study explored the possible mechanisms of paediatric open globe injuries that occurred during playtime and required surgical treatment. The study was conducted in a single centre in Egypt. This was a prospective study of all children admitted with open...

Profile of paediatric cranial nerve palsies

The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess the aetiology of paediatric ocular cranial nerve palsies (CNP) using neuro-ophthalmic data from three hospitals. The study included 1263 patients aged <18 years suspected of having strabismus, from January 1999 to...

Combined versus traditional photocoagulation treatment for aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (APROP)

The purpose was to report the outcomes of the combined treatment of sparing laser photocoagulation and intravitreal Bevacizumab (IVB) treatment versus conventional laser photocoagulation intervention in APROP. This was a study of 18 eyes of nine infants. One was excluded...

Treatment and outcomes for Peters anomaly (PA)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the experience of patients with Peters anomaly (PA) and their treatment results. The study reviewed records of 27 patients (32 eyes); 74% male. Treatment included medical follow-up, optical iridectomy and penetrating keratoplasty...

Use of YouTube videos in providing amblyopia treatment information

This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of YouTube videos on the treatment of amblyopia, where parent education is important for treatment compliance and success. A YouTube search was made in March 2020 for amblyopia treatment yielding 534 videos. They...

Optic canal measurements in children

The authors aimed to determine the normal range of optic canal diameters in a Turkish pediatric population. They evaluated 200 CT examinations: 102 females, 98 males with mean age of 86.42 ±65.39 months (range 1-211). There was no significant difference...

Presenting and diagnostic signs of retinoblastoma

This study revisits the presenting signs of retinoblastoma (RB) in the context of current best practice with respect to diagnosis and assessment of RB. This was a retrospective review of 131 consecutive cases, excluding those with positive family history over...

Exotropic angle by PACT vs under translucent cover

The authors aimed to validate the photographic analysis with a translucent cover by comparing the results obtained from this analysis with the angle obtained by prism cover test (PACT) in patients with intermittent exotropia. This was a retrospective review of...

Improving distance stereopsis in intermittent exotropia with training

This study compared the control ability of patients with stereopsis and analysed the influencing factors of the improvement of distance stereopsis in children with intermittent exotropia. Seventy-eight children were recruited: 33 male, 45 female with mean age of 8.4 ±2.72...

Germline mutation risk in solitary unilateral retinoblastoma

This study aimed to determine the true risk for germline mutation in a child presenting with solitary unilateral RB and whether this risk differs by age at presentation. This was a retrospective review of 482 cases from 1972-2020. Age groups...

Combination surgical management for congenital lacrimal duct obstruction

The authors aimed to report the clinical outcomes of antegrade balloon dacryocystoplasty (DCP) followed by pushed-type monocanalicular (MC), combined as a primary management for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO). This was a retrospective study of 62 eyes (48 patients) with...