Same day air bubble removal after DSEK/DSAEK

A complete air removal on same day as descemet’s stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK/DSAEK) leads to prompt restoration of the anterior chamber and thus has been hypothesised to assist with the recovery of endothelial function and promote graft adhesion. The results...

The impact of collagen crosslinking on keratoplasty numbers in keratoconics

A question of corneal cross-linking (CXL) reducing keratoplasty numbers in keratoconics was addressed in this single centre observational study from the Oslo University Hospital – a sole provider of keratoplasties and CXL for a population of 2.8 million. Authors compared...

Cyclosporine A and pterygium fibroblasts

The matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are a family of structurally related zinc-dependent extracellular matrix degrading proteinases that have been implicated in facilitating the migration and growth of pterygia. Both MMP- 3 and MMP-13 were found to be overexpressed in the fibroblasts...

Silicone hydrogel contact lenses versus autologous serum drops for dry eyes in Sjörgen syndrome

A total of 37 patients with Sjörgen syndrome (SS) related dry eyes reporting symptoms on standard therapy with artificial tears and anti-inflammatory drops were evaluated in this trial. They were randomly assigned to additional treatment with either balafilcon A silicone...

Non-contact-lens-associated acanthamoeba keratitis

This retrospective study was done to study the clinical presentation and microbiological results of non-contact-lens-related acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). One hundred and ninety-four patients with microbiological / histopathological diagnosis of AK over four years were included. All patients had corneal scrapings...

γδ T cell depletion does not affect fungal keratitis

Fungal keratitis (FK) is a blinding condition prevalent in agricultural areas of countries such as India and China. The fungus enters the cornea and induces an inflammatory response which leads to tissue damage. Neutrophils are the earliest infiltrating immune cells...

The impact of conjunctivochalasis on dry eye symptoms and signs

The study aimed to draw a relationship between conjunctivochalasis and dry eye symptoms via a dry eye questionnaire (DEQ5), as well as signs such as tear osmolarity, tear break up time, corneal staining, Schirmer score, meibomian gland dropout, eye lid...

Allografts in limbal stem cell deficiency

This prospective comparative study compared outcomes of live related limbal allograft (Lr-CLAL) versus cadaveric keratolimbal allograft (KLAL) in limbal stem cell deficiency secondary to ocular burns. Twenty patients were randomly allocated into each group. The Lr-CLAL group had a significant...

Topical atorvastatin for dry eye and blepharitis

Dry eye is a very common problem with 20% of the population affected and is frequently associated with blepharitis (DEB), which has an over prevalence of about 40%. The aim of this study was to evaluate a topical atorvastatin formulation...

Cytotoxic effect of voriconazole on human corneal epithelial cells

Voriconazole is a second-generation synthetic derivative of fluconazole with broadened antifungal spectrum. It is becoming the drug of choice for fungal keratitis. Voriconazole eye drops are not available commercially, thus have to be prepared by diluting the intravenous formulation containing...

Tear film thickness after treatment with artificial tears in patients with moderate dry eye disease

In recent years artificial tear drops addressing tear film osmolarity have come onto the market. Increased tear evaporation and reduced tear volume results in tear hyperosmolarity. This triggers an inflammatory process leading to apoptosis of goblet and epithelial cells. Trehalose,...

Oral omega-3 fatty acid treatment for dry eye in contact lens wearers

This study evaluates the effect of dietary omega-3 fatty acid supplementation of dry eye symptoms, tear film tests, and conjunctival impression cytology in patients with contact lens wear-associated dry eye. In this randomised double-blind, multi-centred trial, contact lens wearers (n=...