Acanthamoeba ability to adhere to different contact lenses

This study tested ability of Acanthamoeba lugdunensis trophozoites to adhere to silicon hydrogel contact lenses (SHCL) and how this is influenced by different multipurpose contact lens solutions (MPS). Three generations of SHCL were tested: first generation – Air Optix, second...

Dry eyes after photorefractive keratoplasty

This study examined changes in tear break up time (TBUT), Schirmer test, tear osmolarity and dry eye questionnaire (OSDI) score from prior to photorefractive keratoplasty (PRK), to two months and four months postoperatively. Fifty eyes of 25 patients were examined....

Treatment of Sjogren’s Syndrome dry eye in mouse model

Sjogren’s syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterised by inflammation of the exocrine glands, specifically the salivary and lacrimal glands that produce saliva and tears, respectively. The immune-mediated attack on the salivary and lacrimal glands leads to the development...

Central corneal and epithelial thickness measured by Fourier domain OCT

This study examined intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility of corneal thickness (CT) and epithelial thickness (ET) measurement of Fourier domain OCT (RTVue) in 23 healthy volunteers. RTVue is capable of producing 26,000 A scans per second with depth resolution of 5µm....

Corneal tattooing as treatment for bullous keratopathy

This retrospective study looked at differences in epithelial smoothing in patients with bullous keratopathy (BK) undergoing either corneal tattooing or anterior stromal puncture (ASP). Both procedures were carried out for symptomatic relief in eyes with poor visual potential. Chinese ink...

DALK as an early therapeutic option for Acanthamoeba keratitis

Eleven patients with Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) were treated by early therapeutic deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). All surgeries were performed in patients who had no response to standard medical therapy of chlorhexidine gluconate, propamidine isethionate and neomycin sulphate, within 10-15...

Familial Mediterranean Fever and keratoconus

This retrospective case control study was conducted in the Genetic Diagnostic Centre in Turkey. It examined the prevalence of keratoconus in two groups; patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) and age matched controls free of FMF, who were tested for...

Surgical complications of ReLEx

Femtosecond laser refractive lenticule extraction (ReLEx) is a novel procedure for treatment of myopia and myopic astigmatism, which eliminates the use of microkeratome and excimer laser. Currently there are two techniques: FLEx – femtosecond lenticule extraction (similar to conventional LASIK)...

How to achieve 1% solution of Lissamine green

Lissamine green (LG) concentration of 1% is clinically effective in the diagnosis of ocular surface disease. LG is now commercially available only in a form of dye-impregnated strips, whose concentration is insufficient. This study examined how to achieve 1% concentration...

Confocal microscopy and corneal graft rejection

Forty-five patients following penetrating keratoplasty (PK) were examined with the HRT III Rostock Cornea Module confocal microscope at various points after their surgery for two years. Activated keratocytes (AKs) were counted manually and their mean number evaluated. A pattern was...

Climatic droplet keratopathy

Climatic droplet keratopathy (CDK) is an acquired and potentially handicapping corneal degenerative disease that is highly prevalent in certain rural communities around the world. It predominantly affects males in their 40’s and is known by many other names such as...

Clinical characteristics and outcomes of open globe injury

This retrospective cohort study examined consecutive open globe injuries at a tertiary referral centre over a three year period. The aim of the study was to detail the clinical characteristics of open globe injuries and to explore their association with...