5-FU vs. Avastin as adjunct to conjunctival autograft

The authors compare the outcome of pterygium treatment using 5-fluorouracil as an adjunct to free conjunctival autograft versus bevacizumab (Avastin) as an adjunct to free conjunctival autograft, via a randomised controlled prospective study. Seventy eyes of 70 patients were included...

Oral azithromycin for meibomian gland disease

Oral tetracyclines have been the traditional systemic treatment of blepharitis and acne rosacea, through inhibiting bacterial lipase production and reducing fatty acids. However, tetracyclines have a number of adverse side-effects and are required to be taken for a long duration...

C-spp corneal consequences

This is a retrospective review of microbiological records of 22 patients, who had presented at the LV Prasad Eye Institute, India, between June 2009 and December 2012. The corneal scrapings were performed in all patients and had yielded significant growth...

Boston type I keratoprosthesis for limbal stem cell deficiency

Boston type I keratoprosthesis (KPro) long-term outcomes were compared in patients with and without limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) in this retrospective study. In the 11 year period 68 procedures were performed in individuals with LSCD, and 105 procedures in...

Bandage contact lens cultures after corneal collagen cross-linking

Corneal collagen cross-linking (CCL) is a treatment modality that has been shown to stop the progression of keratoconus. There have also been reports that CCL acts as an antimicrobiologic agent in treating resistant microbial keratitis. This study aimed to investigate...

Conventional vs. accelerated cross-linking

The Dresden protocol of 3mW/cm2 irradiance for 30 minutes has been extensively studied and has shown advantageous clinical and topographical results. However, this protocol is time-consuming and therefore accelerated CXL using higher irradiance to shorten treatment duration has emerged. The...

Endothelial cell loss using different graft injectors in DMEK

This study aimed to investigate endothelial cell loss between two injector systems in descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) grafts; a glass injector – modified Jones tube and a plastic injector – closed system IOL injector, the Viscoject 2.2 system. DMEK...

Maintenance therapy for CMV endotheliitis

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been associated with corneal endotheliitis, leading to endothelial cell loss and corneal decompensation. CMV corneal endotheliitis recurrence can affect between 5-60% of eyes after cessation of anti-CMV therapy. Each recurrence of endotheliitis has a detrimental effect on...

Outcomes of primary and repeat DSAEKs

Retrospective analysis of results following primary and secondary descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEKs), carried out in Villa Serena-Villa Igea Private Hospitals in Italy, showed that primary and secondary DSAEK surgery result in similar visual outcomes, refractive errors and endothelial...

Risks factors for graft preparation failure in DMEK

Diabetes mellitus (DM) makes it more difficult to prepare descemet membrane epithelial keratoplasty (DMEK) grafts due to the ‘stickiness’ of Descemet’s membrane. This retrospective study examined a classification system, where donors were scored points according to their DM related risk...

Conjunctivochalasis and aqueous tear deficiency – which one causes symptoms?

This review sought to determine whether conjunctivochalasis (CCh) obliterates the fornix tear reservoir and thus mimics aqueous tear deficiency (ATD). Patients were divided into two groups, with aqueous tear deficiency (CCh +ATD) or without (CCh –ATD), based on results of...

Penetrating keratoplasties in infants

This retrospective review looked at endothelial cell counts (ECC) following penetrating keratoplasties (PKP) performed in infants within the first year of their life. One hundred eyes of 71 patients had their first PKP during the study period (1998-2013). In 30%...