Inhibiting high-risk corneal allografts

The cornea is an immune privileged site and as such corneal transplants are very successful. However, in situations where this privilege is lost the failure rises substantially. To combat rejection inhibition of the immune responses depends on steroids and other...

Effect of preservative free fluoroquinolones on human corneal epithelial cells in vitro

Fluoroquinolones, including second generation (ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin), third generation (levofloxacin and tosufloxacin) and fourth generation (gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin), are a group of bactericidal agents used to treat multiple ocular infections. The third and fourth generation fluoroquinolones have enhanced Gram-positive activity...

Neurotrophic keratitis

The authors present an overview of the aetiology, diagnosis, current and future management options of neurotrophic keratitis. This is a degenerative corneal disease that occurs following the compromise of trigeminal innervation, leading to hypoesthesia and / or anaesthesia. The aetiology...

Adjunctive topical 5-FU vs. MMC for surgically excised, localised OSSN

Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) comprises a range of dysplasia including corneal-conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia and invasive squamous cell carcinoma. The traditional treatment for localised non-invasive OSSN has been surgical excision with or without intraoperative cryotherapy. Postoperative adjunctive topical chemotherapy significantly...

Outcomes of corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) in pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK)

This was a retrospective non-comparative, interventional case series of 50 eyes in 50 patients with symptomatic PBK who underwent CXL (epithelium-off). Central corneal thickness (CCT), pain score, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and corneal transparency were recorded at baseline; at...

Topography based keratoconus progression after corneal collagen cross-linking

Case 1 describes a 35-year-old man with progressive keratoconus (PK). His best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was right 20/80 (-5.25/-7.75 x 85) and left 20/20 (+4.75/-5.00 x 90). His Ks were right 36.32/48.02 D and 41.15/46.41 D. Right central cornea...

Pterygium ocular surface temperature

This prospective study investigated the ocular surface temperature in patients with pterygia compared to those with dry and healthy eyes respectively. Previous studies have shown that patients with dry eyes show a significant decrease in ocular surface temperature on sustained...

Allergic conjunctivitis evaluation by thermography

Thermography is a non-invasive imaging technique, which uses infrared radiation reflected from an object to estimate the temperature of the object. This paper evaluates the use of thermography to assess allergic conjunctivitis objectively, by using an instrument called ocular surface...

Effect of single intravitreal injection of bevacizumab on contrast sensitivity in patients with central retinal vein occlusion

Central retinal vein occlusion is the second most common retinal vascular disorder after diabetic retinopathy. There are many studies reporting the efficacy of intravitreal anti-VEGF injections for macular oedema secondary to retinal vein occlusions. This paper looks at the contrast...

Topical doxycycline for corneal neovascularisation

Six eyes with corneal vascularisation were treated with 1% topical doxycycline, four times a day for three weeks. The patients were reviewed at various intervals over a period of one year. The eyes selected had neovascularisation secondary to a variety...

Therapeutic ocular surface medium for persistent corneal epithelial defect

Corneal ulcers and persistent epithelial defects (PEDs) are caused by a variety of different insults to the cornea, which includes limbal epithelial stem cell failure. PED may be resistant to healing with standard therapy such as frequent ointments and /...

Corneal keloid: Report of natural history and Outcome of Surgical Management in Two Cases

Corneal keloids are rare and typically reported following trauma (including post-surgical) and has been reported without any trauma or previous surgery. A corneal keloid differs from a hypertrophied scar in that it occurs months/years after the injury, enlarges over time...