A to Z of X-linked retinopathies

This review article provides an excellent summary of X-linked retinopathies and the corresponding genotype and clinical features. The authors provide a comprehensive overview of each condition in terms of its pathogenesis, clinical features, imaging findings, electrophysiology changes and any current...

Changes in the prevalence of myopia in middle-aged caucasian Australians compared to UK biobank

This article compares rates of myopia and high myopia in large cohorts of caucasian Australians from the Busselton Healthy Ageing Study, the urban Gen1 of the Raine Study, the Blue Mountains Eye study and Melbourne Visual Impairment Project. The former...

Insights in resistant diabetic macular oedema

This article gives a bird’s eye review of the different modalities for the treatment of diabetic macular oedema (DME). The debut of anti-VEGFs has brought a paradigm shift in DME management. This treatment has now become a major breakthrough in...

Effect of syringe-filling technique and risk for endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF agents

In this retrospective study the authors compare the risk for post-injection endophthalmitis between different anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents and syringe preparation technique. This multicentre study included 197,402 injections. The drugs included in this study were three Anti-VEGF agents...

Clinical features and mortality of endogenous panophthalmitis in China

This longitudinal cohort study aimed to report the clinical features, treatment strategy, and mortality of 15 consecutive patients (16 eyes) with endogenous panophthalmitis (EP) at a tertiary medical centre of the largest eye centre in Northern China. Mean age was...

Evaluation of fluocinolone acetonide in the management of BRC

This is a single-centre, retrospective, intervention study of 15 eyes of birdshot retinochoroiditis (BRC) patients who received Iluvein, with a mean follow-up period of 31 months. Five eyes had previously received dexamethasone intravitreal implant 0.7mg (Ozurdex). Fluorescein angiography (FA) showed...

Air tamponade in pars plana vitrectomy for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair

The authors report a study aimed to establish the use of air as a tamponade agent for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) treatment, regardless of the position or the number of retinal breaks. Two hundred and thirty-six eyes of 230...

Traumatic macular holes: reconstructive changes in foveal microstructures and visual predictor analysis, following surgical repair

The purpose of this paper was to investigate the reconstructive changes in foveal microstructures postoperatively and analyse the visual predictors in eyes with surgically closed traumatic macular holes (TMHs). This retrospective study analysed the data collected from 71 eyes of...

Retinal findings in COVID-19 patients

This is a single centre cross-sectional study from Brazil between 20 to 23 May 2020, with a total of 18 patients; nine male and median age was 62.5-years-old. 10/18 (55.6%) had retina abnormalities upon dilated eye examination. Flame-shaped haemorrhages were...

Cystoid macular oedema following retinal detachment surgery

There are limited studies examining the incidence and risk factors for postoperative cystoid macular oedema (CMO) following rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair. Postoperative CMO is thought to be due to pro-inflammatory state, where numerous cytokines lead to tight junction dysfunction,...

Foveal displacement after macular hole surgery

Previous studies show that internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling during macular hole surgery is associated with retinal shrinkage (microtubule depolymerization of the axons of the inner retina) and nasal shift of the fovea. A temporal inverted ILM flap technique was...