The effects of anti-VEGF therapy for NvAMD on retinal vasculature

This retrospective consecutive case series examined 54 eyes of 54 treatment-naïve neovascular age-related macular degeneration (N-AMD) patients. Thirty-three eyes received intravitreal aflibercept injections, and 21 eyes received intravitreal ranibizumab injections with unaffected fellow eyes (54 eyes) as controls. All image...

OCTA in geographic atrophy

In this article the authors aim to give an overview of the current literature concerning the application of OCT-A in geographic atrophy (GA). GA is a disease characterised by loss of outer retinal layers including photoreceptors, degeneration of the retinal...

Control of diabetic retinopathy after bariatric surgery

This systemic review and meta-analysis assessed prevalence of diabetic retinopathy including sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy after surgery. They included 14 studies with 110,300 surgical patients and 252,289 control subjects. They proposed that the risk of having any form of diabetic retinopathy...

Migraine and risk of retinal artery occlusion

This retrospective cohort study assessed whether migraine was associated with an increased risk of retinal artery occlusion. They reviewed a large insurance database of 418,965 patients who suffered with migraines between 2007 and 2016. These were then matched with an...

Ocular toxoplasmosis

This is a retrospective study of 106 patients between March 2011 and June 2018, of 37 IgM + group and 69 IgM - group of patients. The clinical features, demographics of patients with ocular toxoplasmosis (OT) were studied according to...

Why is there subretinal fluid at the macula?

This is a review article looking at the differential diagnosis of subretinal fluid in the macula that could be diagnosed as central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). The authors have categorised them into 12 groups: neovascular diseases, vitelliform lesions, inflammatory diseases, ocular...

What is paracentral acute middle maculopathy?

This is a review article characterising a clinical entity called paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM). The article highlights the fact that retinal capillary plexuses are organised predominantly into three trilaminar capillary layers occupying the area between the nerve fibre layer...

Prevalence and incidence of uveitis

Uveitis encompasses a group of diseases characterised by the inflammation of fovea uvea which are potentially vision threatening. However, the frequency of this condition is unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to provide estimates of the frequency of uveitis...

Risk of CNV related to angioid streaks in PXE

This retrospective cross-sectional study investigated 301 patients with pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) for prevalence of choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) and macular atrophy. Some patients were excluded due to missing or poor-quality imaging or the fact that they didn’t have angioid streaks, leaving...

Correlation between aqueous flare and macular microvascular status in diabetes mellitus

The authors report a cross-sectional study which was conducted to investigate the correlation between aqueous flare and macular microvascular status, assessed by optic coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in diabetes mellitus. Fifty-two diabetic patients with non-proliferative retinopathy, 44 diabetic patients without...

Assessment of retinal capillary VD and FAZ area in CSC using OCTA

The authors aim to report a cross-sectional, case controlled study, the purpose of which was to access the retinal capillary vessel density (VD) and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area in acute and chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) patients compared to...

Characteristics of Charles Bonnet syndrome in patients with neovascular AMD

This retrospective cross-sectional study aimed to characterise various aspects of Charles Bonnet syndrome hallucinations among patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Five hundred and ten consecutive patients were asked a screening question to determine if they had ever suffered...