Lateral canthal position after lateral orbitotomy

This is a retrospective photographic study of changes in the lateral canthal position following a lateral orbitotomy performed via a lateral canthotomy and cantholysis of both upper and lower limbs of the lateral canthal tendon. Reconstruction of the lateral canthus...

Intravenous paracetamol in orbital surgery

This is a large prospective study of the effect of intravenous acetaminophen (paracetamol) in orbital surgery. The study included three groups of 50 patients. One group had no i.v. paracetamol, the second 1g of i.v. paracetamol within 30 minutes of...

Sliding lower lid tarsal flap

This is a retrospective review of a lower lid reconstructive technique utilising a sliding tarsal flap. Thirty-two patients who had undergone Mohs surgery were included and each had a shallow marginal defect with at least one remaining tarsal edge having...

Fungi in chronic anterior blepharitis

In this prospective, non-randomised cross-sectional study the authors demonstrate the presence of fungi in patients with chronic anterior blepharitis of at least two years duration. Eyelash samples were obtained by epilation with sterile forceps and evaluated with PAS staining, fungal...

Bleb-related changes in upper lid position

This is a review of five patients with upper lid ptosis or lid retraction secondary to large filtering blebs post-trabeculectomy. The authors review each case and apply a model to analyse the separate forces acting on the upper lid to...

Proprioception and ptosis

This is a small prospective study investigating the effect of proprioceptive factors on upper lid height. Eight unilaterally anophthalmic patients with ocular prostheses and normal lid heights had standardised photographic measurements taken of their eyelid and brow positions. Three sets...

Association between serum levels of testosterone and estradiol with meibomian gland assessments in postmenopausal women

This study aims to reveal any correlation between serum levels of testosterone and estradiol in postmenopausal women with meibomian gland dysfunction. Postmenopausal subjects were defined as amenorrhoea for at least one year with low follide stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol....

Comparison of central laminar thickness in optic neuropathy and normal eyes

The study compares central laminar thickness (LT) among patients with glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON), patients with non-GON and normal subjects. The non-GON group comprised eyes with demyelinating optic neuropathy (ON), anterior ischaemic ON, compressive ON, Leber hereditary ON and traumatic...

Light reflex in preterm infants

In this study, the pupillary size and light reflex was examined in premature infants using infrared video-pupillography and stimuli of red and blue light. Only eyes of infants without retinopathy of prematurity were included in the study. Pupillary light reflexes...

Interesting causes and consequences of orbital inflammations

Three articles discuss various causes and consequences or orbital cellulitis. The first highlights the possibility of orbital cellulitis causing cavernous sinus thrombosis and in the case presented progression to internal carotid artery aneurysm. The authors highlight the importance of considering...

Repeated orbital decompression surgery

This is a retrospective review of nine redo orbital decompressions in six patients. All operations were performed for dysthyroid optic neuropathy, both initially and when repeated. The interval between first and redo decompressions varied from one to 15 years and...

A phase 3 randomised trial of nicotinamide for skin cancer chemoprevention

To B3, or not to B3? That was the question asked in this controlled trial in which the authors were able to show that oral nicotinamide (vitamin B3) is able to reduce further skin cancer development in high risk patients....