Incomplete teprotumumab treatment for thyroid eye disease

This is a multi-centre retrospective analysis of clinical outcomes in patients who were on teprotumumab for thyroid eye disease but had the usual regime of eight infusions, three weeks apart, interrupted due to COVID-19. Manufacturing was suspended between Dec 2020...

Pupil abnormalities after orbital surgery

This is a retrospective review of 287 patients who underwent removal of an orbital cavernous haemangioma (cavernous venous malformation), to ascertain the incidence of surgically induced pupillary abnormalities. Forty-four patients had lesions removed from the anterior or extraconal orbit, none...

Bleomycin for conjunctival lymphangioma

This is a retrospective review of 16 eyes which underwent intralesional / sub-conjunctival injections of bleomycin sclerotherapy for conjunctival lymphatic malformations (lymphangiomas). The mean age was 18 (range three to 59 years). Four of the lesions were microcystic and 12...

Hydrogel expanders in the management of congenital anophthalmia

This is a retrospective case series of 11 anophthalmic orbits in eight children. Anophthalmia can result micro-orbitism, congenital fornix atresia, constricted socket, phimotic lids and reduced palpebral aperture. Expanders play an important role in improving the orbital volume and forniceal...

Outcomes from evisceration with primary implant in 1800 patients

This is a retrospective analysis of 1800 patients who had evisceration with orbital implant between 2013-2019. As the largest published series on this topic, the authors are able to give relatable real-world data on complications following surgery. They use a...

Teprotumumab for chronic TED

This retrospective case series looks at the use of teprotumumab in nine patients with thyroid eye disease (TED) of clinical activity score ≤one and >nine months duration, in an American cohort. Current European guidelines have suggested the use of teprotumumab...

Does vicryl stand the test of time?

This retrospective study aimed to assess whether the long-term success of ptosis surgery was influenced by use of absorbable or non-absorbable sutures. Four hundred and fifty-five operations in 330 patients met the inclusion criteria. One hundred and sixty-nine operations were...

Customised orbital implants

This is a literature review of the outcomes of orbital fracture repairs using custom-made orbital implants. Customised implants were manufactured in one of three ways, all using a 3D printer; manual moulding of an implant based on a 3D-printed model...

Steroid-eluting Spongostan improves endoscopic DCR success

This is a retrospective analysis of a change in technique for endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (endo-DCR) surgery. The authors compared the outcomes of 55 patients between 2011 and 2013 with 187 from 2013 to 2020 who all underwent endo-DCR. In 2013 the...

Risk factors for visual impairment in facial nerve palsy

Facial nerve palsy (FNP) is known to be associated with corneal exposure due to the nature of the condition, but how many of those will go on to develop severe visual impairment (SVI)? This study investigates the risk factors associated...

Lacrimal drainage system malignancies

This retrospective case series looks at the rare cases of lacrimal drainage system malignancies. The authors have identified 14 patients in 24 years, at a tertiary referral centre in the Indian subcontinent. Many previous publications have found squamous cell carcinoma...

Ocular adnexal mantle cell lymphoma

In this study the authors compare primary ocular adnexal (OA) mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) with initially systemic MCL occurring over a 30-year period. MCL is a rare form of lymphoma accounting for 5-11% of OA lymphomas and therefore knowledge of...