A tarso-conjunctival flap for paralytic ectropion

This is a review of 110 patients with paralytic ectropion who underwent a lateral tarso-conjunctival flap procedure. The technique involves fashioning a 4-8mm wide lateral tarso-conjunctival flap in a similar way to a lateral Hughes flap. This is then sutured...

The presentation of natural killer / T cell lymphoma to the oculoplastic surgeon

The authors present three cases of periorbital extranodal natural killer / T cell lymphoma (ENKL). Ages were 20, 45 and 55. All of these patients presented with painless eyelid swelling and a history of sinus disease. One patient had persistent...

Outcomes and complications of supramaximal levator resection

This is a report of 35 children with unilateral congenital ptosis who underwent a supramaximal levator resection, involving extensive dissection of levator including cutting Whitnall’s ligament. The average preoperative margin reflex distance to the upper lid (MRD1) was 0.5mm, and...

Factors affecting the success of canalicular repairs

This is a ten year retrospective review of 137 canalicular laceration repairs, looking for factors which affected the outcome. A successful outcome was defined as no epiphora at three months or more after removal of the stent. Overall the success...

Assessing the quality of scars from incisions made by a Colorado needle or a scalpel

Traditional teaching has held the best scars are achieved with cold steel although no previous study has formally investigated this hypothesis in oculoplastic surgery. This paper describes a non-randomised cross-sectional study comparing the scar quality achieved from cold steel with...

Does mitomycin C improve success rates in DCR surgery?

The authors present a meta-analysis of the use of mitomycin C (MMC) as an adjunct in dacrocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery. Fifteen randomised control trials were included. There was a degree of heterogeneity in the surgical technique used, however, the MMC is...

Patient-reported outcomes in oculoplastic surgery

This is an important if somewhat difficult to grasp article which tries to formally address the subject of patient-reported outcomes in oculofacial surgery. The authors have conducted an extensive review of the literature searching for instruments (questionnaires) which have been...

Prostaglandin associated periorbitopathy

Prostaglandins are known to cause periorbital adverse effects. The aim of this retrospective case series was to compare the frequency of prostaglandin associated periorbitopathy (PAP) between bimatoprost, latanoprost and travoprost users. Five PAP findings were evaluated: upper lid ptosis, deepening...

Success rates of primary and revision transcanalicular DCR surgery

Transcanalicular laser DCR is a relatively rare procedure compared to more conventional external or endo-nasal techniques. In this article the authors examine the outcomes of revision surgery following failed transcanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy (TCDL DCR), comparing a conventional external revision...

Diagnosis and management of orbital vascular malformations

This is an authoritative review of a controversial and difficult clinical area. The authors have experience of over 350 cases and provide a well-structured review of the classification and management of orbital vascular malformations. They emphasise the need to understand...

Analysis and outcome of explanted hydroxyapatite orbital implants

This is a retrospective case series over 11 years of 25 patients with exposed synthetic hydroxyapatite orbital implants who underwent explantation and simultaneous replacement with a dermis fat graft. All patients had signs of infection and had been treated with...

A surgical option for congenital ptosis

The authors describe a surgical technique to manage congenital ptosis. They present 30 patients with severe congenital ptosis, MRD1 varying between -2mm and 1mm. Intervention was carried out early to prevent amblyopia. All cases had surgery before age seven with...