Lower postoperative scar height is associated with increased postoperative trichiasis one year after bilamellar tarsal rotation surgery

Bilamellar tarsal rotation has been a key component of the WHO SAFE approach to blindness from trichiaisis (surgery, antibiotics, facial hygiene, environment). The World Health Organisation (WHO) manual describes the procedure as a full thickness blepharotomy placed 3.0mm above and...

Task shifting for eye care in Eastern Africa

More than eight million people suffer with trichiasis due to trachoma globally, but less than 160,000 receive surgery per year even though “S” is a key aspect of the elimination of blindness due to trachoma as part of the WHO...

Ointment related granulomas post-blepharoplasty

This is a retrospective review of eight patients who developed granulomatous masses after lower lid blepharoplasty. All patients had sutureless bilateral trans-conjunctival surgery, and lubricating ointment was instilled into the inferior fornix postoperatively for two days. Painless lower lid masses...

Biodegradable plates in lateral orbitotomy surgery

This is a description of a new method for fixating the bone flap during a lateral orbitotomy. The technique involves the use of an absorbable lactide plate. This is warmed in a water bath to allow trimming and moulding to...

Twenty-four hour IOP patterns in patients with thyroid eye disease (OO/GL)

Elevated IOP in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED) can be caused by restriction and compression of the globe by enlarged extraocular muscles, elevated episcleral venous pressure and increased mucopolysaccharide deposition in the trabecular meshwork. Although previous studies have investigated...

Conjunctival melanoma involving the lacrimal drainage system

A total of 52 patients were diagnosed with conjunctival melanoma over a period of 17 years, 17 of whom required orbital exenteration. Five of these were found to have melanoma involving the lacrimal drainage apparatus (LDA). One was evident clinically...

Botulinum toxin after orbicularis myectomy

This is a retrospective review of 27 patients with benign essential blepharospasm who had become resistant to treatment with botulinum toxin and had therefore undergone orbicularis myectomy of the upper lids. The study compares the dose and frequency of botulinum...

Which factors predispose to pingecula development in a rural Chinese population?

The authors report a cross-sectional study which aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors for developing pingecula in a rural Chinese population near Shanghai. Nine hundred and fifty-nine persons were recruited from a single village and asked to complete...

The dynamic nature of orbital cavernous haemangiomas

This paper seeks to address the question of how much do orbital cavernous haemangiomas actually change over time, and if there are any identifiable factors which can predict which lesions will grow and which will remain stable. In particular, if...

Wide variation in the volume of the sphenoid trigone

This is a radiological study of the volume of the sphenoid trigone in normal subjects. The authors were interested to see how much volume could be gained by removal of the trigone during an orbital decompression for thyroid eye disease....

A randomised, controlled trial of oral propranolol in infantile haemangioma

Since its use was first reported in the New England Journal in 2008, propranolol has become the preferred treatment for infantile haemangiomas. However, there is no consensus as to the optimum dose or duration of treatment and there is a...

Better outcomes from early repair of Type B blow-out fractures

This paper examines whether early, rather than late, surgical repair results in better motility outcomes for a particular subgroup of orbital floor blowout fractures. The authors divide floor fractures into Types A and B, depending on whether or not the...