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2072 results found

OCT-A imaging in Grave’s orbitopathy and orbital decompression

In this case series of 12 patients and 24 orbits, the authors describe the changes in the optic nerve and peripapillary blood vessel density in patients with moderate to severe Grave’s Orbitopathy (GO) undergoing orbital decompression. The patients undergoing orbital...

Near-infrared autofluorescence to diagnose retinal laser injuries

This retrospective observational case series aimed to assess whether near infrared autofluorescence (NIR-AR) imaging is a useful imaging modality in the diagnosis of hand-held laser retinal injuries. Twelve patients from two centres underwent ophthalmic assessment and retinal imaging including fundus...

Adaptive optics imaging: resolving single cells in the living eye

The human retina is unique in the central nervous system (CNS) in that it can be directly visualised non-invasively. Technological advances of several imaging modalities, including optical coherence tomography (OCT), multichannel scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) and fundus photography, have afforded...

Multimodal Retinal Imaging

Understanding of rapidly advancing retinal imaging techniques is important as they have changed the management of retinal conditions considerably. Interpretation of these tests is a vital skill in the armamentarium of every practising ophthalmologist. The book is directed at general...

Comparison of SS-OCT and SD-OCT in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy

Swept source OCT (SS-OCT) is known to have a longer wavelength than spectral domain OCT (SD-OCT), allowing deeper penetration into retinal and choroidal layers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SS-OCT is superior to SD-OCT in imaging...

Macular pigment and dark adaptation in older population with normal maculas

Macular pigment (MP) such as lutein, zeaxanthin and meso-zeaxanthin are highly concentrated in the fovea. They protect the retina from damage of ambient blue light via antioxidant properties. In older eyes with normal healthy retina, macular pigment optical density (MPOD)...

Literature review of OKN

The authors conducted a critical review of the optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) literature to consider OKN and in particular, vertical OKN. The review provides an overview of OKN to aid understanding of the eye movements. It provides a review of the...

Update on primary angle closure glaucoma

This review article considers primary angle-closure glaucoma which is responsible for half of glaucoma-related blindness worldwide. Angle closure is characterised by appositional contact between the iris and trabecular meshwork. It tends to develop in eyes with shallow anterior chambers, anteriorly...

Ocular manifestations of multiple sclerosis: an overview

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS), in which there is dissemination of lesions in time (two or more clinical events) and space (multiple lesions seen on brain and spinal imaging). The pathophysiology...

Fixation target position for increased limbus measurement accuracy with AS-OCT

The authors intended to determine the optimal gaze fixation points for lateral rectus and medial rectus muscle insertions using anterior segment - optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) compared with intraoperative measurements. They recorded 46 lateral and 36 medial rectus muscles from...

OCT angiography in PAMM secondary to CRVO

Paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) is a recently described manifestation presenting with hyperreflective bands within mid retina on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT). The current view is that these findings are markers of ischaemia of deep retinal circulation....

Diagnostic accuracy of enhanced depth imaging OCT in children

The authors present the findings of a retrospective cross-sectional case series. Cases were identified using a treatment register having been evaluated in a set one-year period. Two ophthalmologists acted as masked image examiners for enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography...