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Is myopia protective against progression of diabetic retinopathy?

This population-based cohort study assessed the association of refractive error with the incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR); 1562 eyes of 860 patients with diabetes and gradable retinal photographs were included. Baseline data was taken between 2004-2009 and follow-up...

Automated grading of diabetic retinopathy: is it possible?

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a frequent microvascular complication of diabetes and a leading cause of blindness worldwide. However, much of this diabetic blindness can be delayed or even prevented with timely diagnosis and proper treatment. For this reason, regular screening...

Retinal ischaemia on OCTA and diabetic retinopathy grade

The authors quite rightly point out that quantification of retinal ischaemia has the potential to serve as a biomarker for diabetic retinopathy disease progression. They set out to investigate the relationship between area of ischaemia on a swept source OCTA...

Diabetic retinopathy screening in Belize: a country’s journey towards reducing blindness from DR

The rise of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications is a public health concern in the Caribbean. The Caribbean Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) Programme, managed by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) and funded by the Queen Elizabeth...

Association between neurodegeneration and macular perfusion in the progression of diabetic retinopathy

In this prospective three-year longitudinal study, the authors aimed to explore the relation between retinal neurodegenerative changes and vessel closure (VC) in individuals with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR). The participants included 74 individuals with type 2 diabetes, NPDR, and Early...

Control of diabetic retinopathy after bariatric surgery

This systemic review and meta-analysis assessed prevalence of diabetic retinopathy including sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy after surgery. They included 14 studies with 110,300 surgical patients and 252,289 control subjects. They proposed that the risk of having any form of diabetic retinopathy...

ESASO Course Series (Volume 2): Surgical Retina

This book comprises details of symposia / seminars on surgical aspects of retina presented by renowned authorities in ophthalmology from all over the world during ESASOS (European School for Advanced Studies in Ophthalmology) academic activities, which are mentioned in a...

Smartphone ophthalmoscopy vs. slit-lamp biomicroscopy in diabetic retinopathy

In this prospective, comparative, clinical study the authors’ aim was to assess the reliability and accuracy of smartphone ophthalmoscopy as compared with standard slit-lamp biomicroscopy in the grading of diabetic retinopathy. One hundred and twenty consecutive, new, diabetic patients underwent...

Intravitreal dexamethasone implant for diabetic macular oedema

The authors report on the three-year outcomes of the Ozurdex Dexamethasone (DEX) intravitreal implant multi-centre trial for the treatment of diabetic macular oedema (DME). Patients with DME (best-corrected vision of 20/50 to 20/200 and central retinal thickness of ≥300µm) were...

Don’t ignore the black lesion! It might be mucormycosis

Keeping mucormycosis infection in the foreground of your differential diagnosis, especially in those more vulnerable patients, will help save their lives if recognised and managed appropriately. Mucormycosis is a fulminant infection caused by the fungi of the family Mucoraceae. It...

Does bariatric surgery prevent progression of diabetic retinopathy?

The authors report a retrospective observational study of T2DM patients who underwent bariatric surgery between 2009 and 2015. Preoperative and postoperative weight, HbA1c, and annual diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening results were obtained from medical records. Patients with preoperative retinal screening...

Risks factors for graft preparation failure in DMEK

Diabetes mellitus (DM) makes it more difficult to prepare descemet membrane epithelial keratoplasty (DMEK) grafts due to the ‘stickiness’ of Descemet’s membrane. This retrospective study examined a classification system, where donors were scored points according to their DM related risk...