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Correlation between aqueous flare and macular microvascular status in diabetes mellitus

The authors report a cross-sectional study which was conducted to investigate the correlation between aqueous flare and macular microvascular status, assessed by optic coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in diabetes mellitus. Fifty-two diabetic patients with non-proliferative retinopathy, 44 diabetic patients without...

Cataract incidence rates in patients from the UK suffering with diabetes mellitus

The authors summarise the main findings from a recent study which investigated the incidence rates of cataract in patients with or without diabetes mellitus (DM). Background to the study Worldwide, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 253 million people...

Commonwealth nations join forces to prevent blindness from diabetes

More than 70 representatives from 10 Commonwealth countries (in the African, Caribbean and Pacific regions) and Indonesia gathered at a five-day workshop in November 2014 to establish district or national plans to reduce blindness from diabetic retinopathy (DR). The event...

Preventing blindness from diabetes: planning a programme of service development and research across Malawi

In sub-Saharan Africa 19.4 million people have diabetes; this is projected to rise to 28.6 million by 2030 [1]. Sight loss from diabetes devastates the lives of working people, affecting the financial stability of the families and communities who depend...

Sustainable prevention of blindness from diabetic retinopathy through prevention and control of diabetes mellitus – LINK partnership experience in Dominica

The Caribbean Diabetic Retinopathy Project (DR Caribbean) is a five-year project that aims to reduce blindness due to diabetic retinopathy (DR) across four Commonwealth countries: Belize, Dominica, Jamaica and St Lucia. The VISION 2020 LINKS Programme at the London School...

Diabetes and diabetic retinopathy: Changes in understanding of the disease over the last 25 years and how the UK is helping low-income countries tackle the challenges

Diabetes – a historical perspective Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease caused by inherited and / or acquired deficiency in production of insulin by the pancreas, or by the ineffectiveness of the insulin produced. Such a deficiency results in...

IAPB: Focus on Diabetes

The International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness, with support from Bayer, the Vision Academy and DR Barometer, is hosting Focus on Diabetes. Through a series of webinars to mark World Diabetes Day, Focus on Diabetes will be addressing the inequity of access to care to reduce avoidable vision loss.

Diabetic retinopathy and body fat distribution and adipokine secretion in type 2 diabetics

The major risk factors for diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with diabetes are poor glycaemic or blood pressure control, duration of diabetes and nephropathy related to the severity of DR. Several studies suggest that DR is associated with visceral fat...

Changes in parafoveal retinal thickness after bariatric surgery in type 2 diabetics

Bariatric surgery induces an instant normalisation of blood glucose in as many as 80% of patients with type 2 diabetes. It has been previously reported that diabetic retinopathy (DR) is stable within one year after bariatric surgery. In this study,...

Hyper reflective foci (HRF) on OCT in diabetic retinopathy

This study investigated the presence of hyper reflective foci (HRF) in asymptomatic patients affected by type 1 or type 2 diabetes, separately, without clinically significant diabetic macular oedema and visual impairment. In total 71 eyes with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy were...