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Cancer associated retinopathy

Abdul Muhyemin Tarin reviews the presentation, pathophysiology and management of this paraneoplastic syndrome. Case presentation A 60-year-old hypermetropic female patient presented with several months’ history of painless blurred vision. Visual acuity (VA) was 6/24 and 6/9-1 in right and left...

A phase 3 randomised trial of nicotinamide for skin cancer chemoprevention

To B3, or not to B3? That was the question asked in this controlled trial in which the authors were able to show that oral nicotinamide (vitamin B3) is able to reduce further skin cancer development in high risk patients....

The results of the last survey Aug 2019

Thank you once again for participating in the survey. Some fascinating results once again. Almost one in five of us do not cancel cataract surgery on the day if the blood pressure (BP) is high, which I am surprised about....

VISION 2020 LINKS: Retinoblastoma 
in Africa

The VISION 2020 LINKS Programme is part of the ‘VISION 2020: The Right to Sight’ global initiative to eliminate avoidable blindness [1]. The LINKS Programme works with overseas eye departments to help identify priorities and match their priority needs with...

Cataract surgery and circadian photoentrainment

The study authors sought to investigate the possible effects of circadian photoentrainment following cataract. This was a randomised clinical trial, where 76 eyes of 76 patients (with bilateral cataract) were randomised to blue-blocking or neutral intraocular lenses (IOLs). Outcome measures...

COVID-19 and Charles Bonnet Syndrome

As COVID-19 rips through the country, it is – of course – imperative that we stay at home to try and prevent the virus spreading through the whole community. We are all aware of the need to take special care...

Expenses

“How do I apply for expenses?” I asked one of the secretaries. The Royal Gwent Hospital was so far from home that I had been forced to rent one of their spartan on-site rooms in order to avoid a crippling...

Effect of selenium and vitamin E supplements on the development and progression of cataracts

The Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT) investigated the influence of dietary supplements on the development of prostate cancer in a group of 35,533 middle aged and older, apparently healthy men. The SELECT Eye Endpoint (SEE) study is...

Comparison of two visual acuity test versions for different distances in a paediatric population

The authors present the findings of a study which aimed to determine whether using 2 metre and 4 metre retro-illuminated ETDRS charts are comparable in children. Order of testing was standardised (right eye, left eye, binocular), however different charts were...

Using contrast acuity and rapid number naming in Huntington’s disease

This study aimed to evaluate afferent and efferent visual function in Huntington’s disease (HD). HD is often portrayed by abnormal saccadic eye movements and afferent visual pathway involvement however these are poorly characterised and difficult to quantify at the bedside....

Carbonic anhydrase II autoantibody specificity in retinopathy

Autoimmune retinopathy (AR) can be divided into three different categories, paraneoplastic retinopathy, including recoverin-associated retinopathy and melanoma-associated retinopathy, non-paraneoplastic autoimmune retinopathy, combined paraneoplastic optic neuropathy and retinopathy (CAR). These conditions are characterised by circulating anti-retinal autoantibodies, possibly due to a...