You searched for "RPE"

100 results found

IOP and reversibility of RPE detachment

The authors describe how three patients with retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) detachment showed a reduction or disappearance of an RPE detachment immediately following prone dark room test (PDRT). The authors performed spectralis OCT on 140 angle closure subjects before and...

RPE tears in cases of IPCV

The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence, characteristics, management and prognosis of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tears in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). Medical records of previous cases were reviewed over an eight-year period from a...

Preoperative RPE alterations in macular holes

This retrospective interventional case series from Japan assessed whether preoperative alterations of the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) in idiopathic macular holes correlated with postoperative functional and morphological changes in the macula. Fifty-nine eyes had preoperative Spectralis OCT using the ‘detailed’...

RPE tears after intravitreal Lucentis

The current hypothesis regarding retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tears is the contraction and fibrosis in choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) tissue after anti-VEGF therapy can induce rips in the overlying RPE. This South Korean study aimed to identify the association between RPE...

RPE atrophy onset in treated nAMD

In this study the authors aim to evaluate the role of various factors for the development of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) atrophy over a period of five years in patients with nAMD. Fifty-two newly diagnosed nAMD patients with complete absence...

CD40L activation of human RPE cells

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of reduced visual acuity in the elderly worldwide. The risk factors involved in AMD include smoking and diet, while genetics have been shown to have a significant role. Recently a link between...

Transfected RPE cells inhibit AMD in rats

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the elderly. Wet AMD is characterised by choroidal neovascularisation, new vessels into the retina, leading to leakage and tissue damage. Many proangiogenic factors particularly vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...

Retinoblastoma chemotherapeutic drugs and their toxic effects on RPE cells

There is reported clinical evidence of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) alterations after intra-arterial (IAC) and intravitreal chemotherapy (IViC) of retinoblastoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cellular toxic effects of melphalan, topotecan and carboplatin on the RPE...

RPE use similar pathway to regulatory T cells to inhibit immune response

Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells form an important part of the blood-retinal barrier that protects the neuronal cells responsible for sight. RPE cells are involved in innate and adaptive immune responses via expression of surface molecules and release of cytokines....

Complement Factor H and Factor H-Like protein are expressed in human RPE cells

The role of inflammation in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is well documented and the association of AMD with the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP) and members of the complement system underline the role of complements in AMD. Human complement factor...

Retinal pigment epithelium tears

In this paper the authors review the current knowledge of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tears. Although rare these can cause loss of visual acuity. They can occur spontaneously in pigment epithelial detachment (PED) due to occult choroidal neovascularisation (CNV), retinal...

ABCA1 mediates lipid efflux in the retina

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the elderly population. There are two forms of AMD, dry and wet, the latter so named because of the presence of choroidal neovascularisation. Both forms lead to retinal pigment...