You searched for "retinopathy"

448 results found

Radiation retinopathy

The authors review the current treatment options for this condition. Radiation retinopathy (RR) occurs as a complication after exposure to any type of radiation (external beam, plaque brachytherapy and stereotactic radiosurgery) in the orbital or adnexal region. These include nasopharyngeal...

Retinopathy of prematurity

This review article describes the pathophysiology of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). The authors start by introducing the condition and its incidence. There is extensive information on the pathophysiology mechanisms involved in the condition to include normal and pathological retinal development....

Gender variations in retinopathy

The Tromso Eye Study is a substudy of the Tromso Study; a population based longitudinal study based in Norway. The extensive 5869 participants had no diabetes and were aged between 30-87 years. Retinal images from both eyes were taken using...

A possible biomarker for diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common form of diabetic eye disease, characterised by exudates, microaneurysms and haemorrhage. Early diagnosis is crucial for preventing visual loss. The risk of developing diabetic retinopathy is known to increase with age as well...

Screening for hydroxychloroquine retinopathy

The American Academy of Ophthalmology has updated the recommendations for screening for hydroxychloroquine retinopathy based on new scientific evidence that toxicity is not rare when hydroxychloroquine is used long-term, and that risk is dependent on the daily dose by weight....

Management of proliferative diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of blindness in the working-age population. Due to the worsening global epidemic of diabetes, the incidence of morbidity caused by the disease is set to increase [1]. The prevalence of diabetes in the UK...

OCT in proliferative diabetic retinopathy

This report set out to describe the anatomical relationships between retinal neovascular complexes (NVC), the posterior vitreous, and the vitreoretinal interface in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy using spectral domain OCT. The following was recorded for each NVC 1) posterior...

Cancer associated retinopathy

Abdul Muhyemin Tarin reviews the presentation, pathophysiology and management of this paraneoplastic syndrome. Case presentation A 60-year-old hypermetropic female patient presented with several months’ history of painless blurred vision. Visual acuity (VA) was 6/24 and 6/9-1 in right and left...

The screening and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity

A male child is born at 31 weeks and requires 100% oxygen supplementation with intensive care. What would be the ophthalmic management of this child? In the first instance, it will be useful to know the screening criteria and protocol....

Medical management and diabetic retinopathy progression

The ACCORD Eye Study was designed to evaluate the benefit of intensive glycaemic control (HbA1c <6.0% vs 7.0-7.9%), intensive systolic blood pressure control (<120mmHg vs. <140mmHg), and combined fenofibrate and simvastatin therapy in the development and progression of diabetic retinopathy....

Automated grading of diabetic retinopathy: is it possible?

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a frequent microvascular complication of diabetes and a leading cause of blindness worldwide. However, much of this diabetic blindness can be delayed or even prevented with timely diagnosis and proper treatment. For this reason, regular screening...

Visual fields and OCT in hydroxychloroquine retinopathy

It has been recommended that patients on hydroxychloroquine be monitored regularly for retinopathy. However, there has not been an agreement as to the best screening test for hydroxychloroquine toxicity, which may include visual fields (VF), fundus autofluorescence, spectral domain optical...