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Retinoblastoma – the challenges of a rare cancer and the role of international partnerships

Introduction: the global challenge The global burden of retinoblastoma (Rb) is one in 15,000-18,000 live births, which equates to 8000 new cases worldwide each year. The global disparities in Rb outcome represent a paradigm of health inequality worldwide [1]. In...

A rare neonatal presentation of bilateral dacryocele and choanal atresia

Following a routine pregnancy, a newly delivered baby boy, born at term, was found to have increased work of breathing, stridor and a left medial canthal swelling. The baby required 100% oxygen via a face mask to maintain oxygen saturations....

Rare presentation of giant cell arteritis in Chinese subjects

Only a few case reports of biopsy-proven GCA (BpGCA)-associated vision loss in Chinese subjects have been published. This paper presents three elderly Chinese subjects with BpGCA who presented with vision loss. A search of the literature was also conducted to...

Orbital sphenoid sinus trauma: a rare trauma case

With a high complication and mortality rate, intra-sphenoidal and transorbital trauma poses a high complication rate and remains challenging to manage. Numerous key structures run nearby such as: the optic nerve, internal carotid arteries and ophthalmic arteries. The authors present...

A rare case of oculomotor nerve palsy from presumed cavernous angioma

Cavernous angiomas of the cranial nerves are extremely rare, and those of the oculomotor (third) nerve are rarer still. The authors present a single case study of presumed cavernous angioma involving the subarachnoid portion of the left third nerve, which...

Rare eye diseases: progress continues with authorised orphan medicines and breakthrough technologies

An update on the development of orphan medicines, recent regulatory treatment approvals for rare eye conditions and advances in retinal prosthetic technologies for blinding diseases. The prevalence of a rare disease is based usually on a range of estimates and...

A rare case of ophthalmic complications following allergic fungal sinusitis

The authors present an unusual case report of a 32-year-old man with advanced allergic fungal sinusitis, presenting with severe bilateral visual loss and restricted ocular motility. On presentation he had an 18 month history of progressive nasal obstruction, as well...

A rare case of post-traumatic central retinal artery occlusion

Central retinal artery occlusion is rarely associated with traumatic optic neuropathy, this case report details of one such case. The reported case is of a ten-year-old boy presenting after a fall from height with loss of vision in one eye....

Rare case reports of benign optic glioma in adults with clinically aggressive nature

Primary optic nerve gliomas are most commonly benign and occurring in childhood. Malignant optic gliomas occur in adulthood and follow an aggressive course usually leading to blindness and death within months. This paper describes the clinical and histopathological features of...

Dead bag syndrome: a new and rare cause of late IOL dislocation

The dead bag syndrome has recently been described as a cause of late spontaneous intraocular lens (IOL) subluxation and / or dislocation. The capsular bag remains clear years after surgery and then becomes diaphanous and floppy. The authors explanted seven...

Effective treatment for rare sight-threatening infection

A drug candidate, based on pioneering UCL and Moorfields Eye Hospital research and currently under development by SIFI S.p.A., has been found to be highly effective in treating a rare sight-threatening eye infection in a new international clinical trial.