You searched for "ptosis"

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Cavernous sinus thrombosis and orbital cellulitis

This is a report of six cases of combined orbital cellulitis and infective cavernous sinus thrombosis, with a literature review. The average age was 39 years, four were male and two were intravenous drug users. All had sinusitis, usually involving...

Assaying acetylcholine receptor antibodies in the diagnosis of ocular myasthenia

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease that leads to impaired neuromuscular transmission. Solely ocular manifestations of MG (OMG) occur in 15-50% of cases, most frequently in the form of fluctuating ptosis and diplopia. Most cases of OMG convert later...

Use of botulinum toxin A in the treatment of intermittent exotropia

In this prospective cohort study, the authors aimed to evaluate the efficiency of botulinum toxin A (BTA) injection in the treatment of intermittent exotropia (IXT) and examine factors affecting treatment outcomes. Seventy-four patients diagnosed with any type of IXT were...

Avoiding investigations through history taking and examinations to differentiate serious from comparably benign aetiology

*Joint first authors. Introduction Anisocoria can be a sign of neurological deficit, necessitating numerous investigations [1]. This case report explores how expensive and time-consuming investigations can be avoided by thorough history taking and examination to differentiate serious from comparably benign...

Effects of phacoemulsification on IOP and drug use in glaucoma

For patients with comorbid cataract and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), guidance is lacking as to whether cataract extraction and traditional filtering surgery should be performed as a staged or combined procedure. Achieving this guidance requires an evidence-based understanding of the...

Optos plc, a Nikon company, unveils new technology at AAO

Optos plc, the leading medical retinal imaging company, part of Nikon Corporation, is pleased to announce that the newest generation Daytona, the only true ultra-widefield (UWF) imaging device was launched at the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Eyelid and Periorbital Surgery (Second Edition)

Many specialities in surgery intersect, allowing for clinical and research collaboration. Plastic surgery and ophthalmology are one such example wherein a number of different principles have been combined in order to develop reconstructive techniques for conditions affecting the orbital soft...

Video Atlas of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

The second edition Video Atlas of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery by Korn and Kikkawa provides an overview of traditional and contemporary reconstructive and cosmetic eyelid, lacrimal and orbital surgical procedures. The book includes of 1600 intraoperative illustrations, in addition...

The assessment of pupils and 
pupillary reactions

Understanding pupillary reactions is vital in understanding basic neuro-opthalmology. It is a skill required in eye casualty, clinics and perhaps most importantly, exams. To start at the beginning, the pupil is the central aperture of the iris, its size controlling...

Virtual reality pupil assessment software

For Oct/Nov 2021 we review a virtual reality (VR) solution for training and assessing pupil function. Different types of VR exist, and the application described here is used on the Oculus Quest or Pico headsets. The user wears a headset...

Non-organic visual loss

Patients can present to eye departments with various signs and symptoms (mostly symptoms) with no obvious organic cause. These patients can be labelled with any of a wide range of diagnoses such as functional visual loss, functional overlay, psychosomatic reaction...

Congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders (CCDDs)

The term congenital cranial dysinnervation disorder (CCDD) was introduced by Gutowski et al. in 2003 to describe strabismus conditions that result from developmental error in innervation of some of the extraocular muscles. Examples of these conditions include Duane’s syndrome and...