You searched for "palsy"

3134 results found

Diagnosis and management of IV cranial nerve palsy

Aetiology: Trochlear nerve palsy can be divided into acute or congenital. Congenital trochlear nerve palsy is usually noted in childhood with development of abnormal head posture. Various pathologies can lead to acute IV nerve palsy, most commonly trauma. Other causes...

Supranuclear palsy

This paper reports the results of surgery for supranuclear monocular elevation deficiency. Contralateral superior rectus maximal recession was undertaken without interfering with the superior oblique tendon position, transection of the superior oblique to the superior rectus frenulum and directly suturing...

Masked bilateral SO palsy

This study examined the occurrence of masked bilateral superior oblique (SO) palsy with contralateral inferior oblique (IO) over action requiring further surgical intervention in children undergoing unilateral IO weakening surgery for presumed unilateral SO palsy. This retrospective study included 50...

Surgery for third nerve palsy

The authors aimed to evaluate the results of a modified surgical method in patients with chronic total third nerve palsy: superior and inferior halves of the split lateral rectus muscle were passed under the superior and inferior rectus muscles and...

Third nerve palsy

Case scenarios A 71-year-old female presented to a nearby eye emergency unit with two days history of partial ptosis in her left eye with diplopia. She saw her GP earlier that day and he asked her to go to the...

EP in a case of abducens nerve palsy

Ecchordosis physaliphora (EP) is a rare non-malignant mass that originates from remains of the notochord and is typically asymptomatic. Symptomatic cases are extremely rare, and the majority are managed by surgical resection. This case study reports a 42-year-old male who...

Surgery for unilateral superior oblique palsy

This study evaluates the amount of effectiveness of inferior oblique myectomy in primary position, lateral gaze and head tilt, and the effect on improving extent of abnormal head posture. The study included 39 patients; 22 male, 25 left-sided palsy and...

Surgical outcomes in third nerve palsy

The authors of this article explore the factors associated with successful surgical outcomes in third nerve palsy, which is known to be difficult to treat. A number of case notes were reviewed for patients who underwent surgery or botulinum toxin...

Bupivicaine injection for Bell’s palsy

This study assesses the use of intramuscular bupivicaine to treat lid retraction and lagophthalmos in facial palsy. It is a prospective non-comparative interventional series of 10 patients with Bell’s palsy (House-Brackman grade IV or V) who each received three serial...

SO tendon advancement for SO palsy

The authors report a series of 14 patients with unilateral superior oblique (SO) palsy having unilateral SO tendon advancement with or without other vertical muscle surgery. This was a retrospective study with mean age of patients of 16.7 years and...

Surgery for third nerve palsy (2019)

The authors present a new technique for split muscle medial transposition surgery of the lateral rectus plus union with the distal split stump of the medial rectus. This increases the length of the contracted lateral rectus through the addition of...

Prevalence of misdiagnosis of third nerve palsy by referring clinicians

The authors present a retrospective case review of new patient presentations to a neuro-ophthalmology clinic at two centres between 2014 and 2017. The electronic medical records were searched using the variety of terms for third nerve palsy. Referral for management...