You searched for "oculomotor"

29 results found

An unusual case of partial oculomotor nerve palsy

The authors present an unusual case of intra-axial oculomotor nerve involvement due to midbrain infarction. The 65-year-old male patient presented with unilateral complete blepharoptosis and slight limitation of upgaze. Neurological examination revealed a complete ptosis of the left eyelid, slight...

Aberrant regeneration rates following traumatic oculomotor palsy

Traumatic oculomotor nerve palsies can result in aberrant regeneration / synkinesis which impairs normal facial function. In this paper, the authors retrospectively reviewed the records of 16 patients with traumatic oculomotor nerve palsies who were treated with or without steroids....

A rare case of oculomotor nerve palsy from presumed cavernous angioma

Cavernous angiomas of the cranial nerves are extremely rare, and those of the oculomotor (third) nerve are rarer still. The authors present a single case study of presumed cavernous angioma involving the subarachnoid portion of the left third nerve, which...

Care pathway to imaging delays for acute oculomotor nerve palsies

A retrospective chart review is presented with the aim of evaluating arterial imaging in cases of third nerve palsy. The study reviewed patients seen with a suspicion of or a final diagnosis of third nerve palsy over a seven-year eight-month...

Neuroanatomical structures and eye movements

The aim of this study was to review and critically discuss the role of ocular proprioception in oculomotor control and development of eye motility disorders. The authors considered proprioception, structure and proprioceptors of eye muscles, singly and multiply innervated muscle...

Ocular motor score in spastic hemiplegia

The authors aimed to assess the oculomotor functions in children with spastic hemiplegia (SH) caused by different brain pathologies and evaluate the results obtained by the ocular motor score (OMS). The study included 34 children with a median age of...

Head-mounted display impact

This study investigated the clinical effects of the head-mounted display on the normal eye to obtain reliable safety data in adolescents. The study included 60 volunteers aged on average 14.7 ±1.3 years (13-18) of which 59% were female. Mean best...

Surgery for third nerve palsy

The authors aimed to evaluate the results of a modified surgical method in patients with chronic total third nerve palsy: superior and inferior halves of the split lateral rectus muscle were passed under the superior and inferior rectus muscles and...

An unusual third nerve palsy case report

The authors present the unusual case of a 23-year-old male presenting to hospital with right eye pain, right upper eyelid ptosis, blurred vision and diplopia, developing immediately after a penetrating injury to his right upper eyelid. On assessment he was...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS): what happens to eye movements?

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder of upper motor neurons of the corticospinal tract and lower motor neurons in brainstem nuclei and the anterior horn of the spinal cord. Limited literature is available on abnormal ocular movements in...

A practical guide to anisocoria

Anisocoria means the presence of difference in the size of the right and left pupils. It is a sign of an abnormality in the efferent pathway. The first question facing the ophthalmologist is to ascertain if anisocoria is present or...

Brain tumours in adults: the essentials for an ophthalmologist

The author provides a review of the common intracranial tumours in adults (other than pituitaries) which may present to an ophthalmologist. Primary malignant brain tumours comprise 3% of adult cancers but with an ageing population such tumours are becoming more...
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