You searched for "eye disease"

32 results found

Strabismus in thyroid eye disease

Pathogenesis Thyroid eye disease (TED) is an auto-immune condition, in the initial phase there is lymphocytic infiltration and oedema of the extraocular muscles with deposition of glycosaminoglycans and hyaluronic acid and adipogenesis, which can lead to an increase in the...

Thyroid eye disease

Thyroid eye disease (TED) is an autoimmune condition with a spectrum of signs and symptoms, usually associated with Graves’ hyperthyroidism. The diagnosis is based on history and physical examination but there are further investigations that can aid diagnosis if unclear....

Recurrent thyroid eye disease

This study investigates the incidence of recurrent thyroid eye disease. The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of 415 patients who had been diagnosed with thyroid eye disease between 2006 and 2012. The medical notes were scrutinised for evidence of a...

Vitamin D and thyroid eye disease

This is a retrospective review of vitamin D levels in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED). Vitamin D levels in 89 patients with Grave’s disease and TED were compared against 89 patients with Grave’s disease and no TED. They also...

Assessment and management of dry eye disease

This paper is an update on the assessment and management of dry eye disease (DED). According to the second International Dry Eye Workshop 2017, “Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of the ocular surface characterised by a loss of homoeostasis...

Association between diabetes mellitus and dry eye disease

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is currently one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in the United States. It is estimated that 12.3% of Americans suffer from DM. In this study the authors compare between dry eye and diabetes mellitus among a...

Exploiting nature’s randomised trials of eye disease

Confounding and reverse causation in observational ophthalmic epidemiology Traditional observational studies are inherently limited in establishing a causal effect of an exposure on an outcome of interest. One fundamental limitation is confounding, whereby causation is incorrectly attributed to a third...

Incomplete teprotumumab treatment for thyroid eye disease

This is a multi-centre retrospective analysis of clinical outcomes in patients who were on teprotumumab for thyroid eye disease but had the usual regime of eight infusions, three weeks apart, interrupted due to COVID-19. Manufacturing was suspended between Dec 2020...

Rituximab as an immunosuppression treatment for thyroid eye disease

Thyroid eye disease is traditionally treated with high dose glucocorticosteroids and surgical orbital decompression, where responses are often inadequate. This medical treatment is centred around symptom control and reduction of thyroid hormone synthesis, not immunosuppression. Rituximab is an anti-CD20 monoclonal...

Is there an association between dry eye disease and depression and anxiety?

Dry eye disease is a widespread ocular surface condition (prevalence 5.5-33.7%) that has been previously linked to systemic diseases, such as Sjogren, rheumatoid arthritis and more recently possibly also depression, in small population-based studies. The authors’ aim was to investigate...

VDT use and dry eye disease in children

There has been an increase in the amount of work performed using video display terminals. This study compared school children with and without dry eye disease and evaluated the risk factors of dry eye disease and evaluated the risk factors...

Thyroid eye disease and obstructive sleep apnoea

This is a retrospective study looking for an association between compressive optic neuropathy in thyroid eye disease (TED-CON) and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). One hundred and nine patients with thyroid eye disease were asked to complete a validated questionnaire designed...
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