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Placement of an eyelid weight as an upper lid spacer for lagophthalmos

Upper lid loading with a weight is a well described procedure for the treatment of lagophthalmos and exposure keratopathy. The authors describe a modification of this procedure whereby the levator aponeurosis is recessed in combination with supratarsal weight implantation. The...

Cytotoxic effect of voriconazole on human corneal epithelial cells

Voriconazole is a second-generation synthetic derivative of fluconazole with broadened antifungal spectrum. It is becoming the drug of choice for fungal keratitis. Voriconazole eye drops are not available commercially, thus have to be prepared by diluting the intravenous formulation containing...

Which factors predispose to pingecula development in a rural Chinese population?

The authors report a cross-sectional study which aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors for developing pingecula in a rural Chinese population near Shanghai. Nine hundred and fifty-nine persons were recruited from a single village and asked to complete...

Methotrexate and mycophenolate mofetil for non-infectious uveitis

This is the first reported randomised clinical trial comparing methotrexate versus mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for the treatment of non-infectious intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis or panuveitis. To be eligible for recruitment, patients had to be on ≥15mg oral prednisone and demonstrated...

Cyclosporine A and pterygium fibroblasts

The matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are a family of structurally related zinc-dependent extracellular matrix degrading proteinases that have been implicated in facilitating the migration and growth of pterygia. Both MMP- 3 and MMP-13 were found to be overexpressed in the fibroblasts...

Orbital filler for enophthalmos in Parry-Romberg syndrome

This is a retrospective review of three patients with enophthalmos in sighted eyes secondary to Parry-Romberg syndrome. The patients were all female, aged between 24 and 54. All three patients had 4mm of relative enophthalmos prior to treatment. They each...

Complications with porous orbital implant after enucleation in retinoblastoma patients

This is a retrospective, case control study aimed to identify risk factors associated with complications in retinoblastoma patients following primary and secondary enucleations with porous implant placements. Patients with retinoblastoma who underwent enucleation with porous orbital implant placement between January...

Video Atlas of Ophthalmic Suturing Fundamentals and Techniques

Good suturing technique is a fundamental requirement of all surgeons. With the advent of modern minimal suturing and sutureless techniques, junior doctors have less exposure and hence less experience with suturing skills. Good microsurgical suturing skills can only be mastered...

Dead bag syndrome: a new and rare cause of late IOL dislocation

The dead bag syndrome has recently been described as a cause of late spontaneous intraocular lens (IOL) subluxation and / or dislocation. The capsular bag remains clear years after surgery and then becomes diaphanous and floppy. The authors explanted seven...

Orbital cellulitis outcomes for children

This paper discusses the clinical profile and multidisciplinary team (MDT) management outcomes in children treated for paediatric orbital cellulitis. This was a prospective study of 40 children with a mean age of 7.5 years (4-12). Unilateral orbital cellulitis cases had...

Ablepharon-macrostomia syndrome

The ablepharon-macrostomia syndrome is a very rare condition caused by a dominant mutation in the TWIST2 gene. Congenital defects include rudimentary eyelids, macrostomia, ambiguous genitalia and campodactyly. Neonates are at risk of severe corneal exposure without intervention. Previous reports have...

Adjuvant radiotherapy in orbital malignancy

This is a retrospective review of high dose volumetric modulated arc radiotherapy (VMAT) for adjuvant treatment of patients with orbital malignancy who had already undergone local excision or exenteration. VMAT differs from conventional external beam radiotherapy in that it is...