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Large series profiling skew deviation

A retrospective notes review was completed for patients identified as having skew deviation. The authors outline their exact definition of skew deviation within the methods of the paper. One hundred and fifty-seven patients were identified, it is not clear over...

Meta-analysis of treating meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) with topical / oral azithromycin

This study pooled the clinical outcomes of 18 high-quality studies managing MGD with azithromycin. Symptom score was the primary and clinical signs were the secondary outcome measures. Overall effectiveness of topical azithromycin (TA) and oral azithromycin (OA) was measured by...

5 Signs You Might Need Cataract Surgery

In the UK, almost half a million laser cataract surgery & treatments are carried out every year. Cataracts tend to affect the older population, especially those in the over 65 age bracket.

Twenty-four hour IOP patterns in patients with thyroid eye disease (OO/GL)

Elevated IOP in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED) can be caused by restriction and compression of the globe by enlarged extraocular muscles, elevated episcleral venous pressure and increased mucopolysaccharide deposition in the trabecular meshwork. Although previous studies have investigated...

Near-infrared autofluorescence to diagnose retinal laser injuries

This retrospective observational case series aimed to assess whether near infrared autofluorescence (NIR-AR) imaging is a useful imaging modality in the diagnosis of hand-held laser retinal injuries. Twelve patients from two centres underwent ophthalmic assessment and retinal imaging including fundus...

Apr/May 2015 Quiz

History A 60-year-old man presented to the ophthalmologists with painful blurred left vision. Examination revealed a white vascular mass, occupying 60% of the anterior chamber space, arising from the iris. After conservative therapy, no useful vision remained. The eye was...

Friendly felines and a spot diagnosis

A nine-year-old girl presented to me in eye casualty with a three-week history of blurred vision in her left eye. Otherwise she was apparently well, with no past ophthalmic, medical, drug or relevant family history. Visual acuity was 6/4 right...

Aug/Sep 2014 Quiz 2

History A 27-year-old man presented to the emergency department with blurred vision and central scotoma in the right eye (RE) over the previous weeks. He had no relevant medical history and he was not on any current medication. However, he...

Choroidal melanoma – breaking bad news

Case report A 55-year-old Caucasian female presented to her general practitioner with a three-month history of headaches and worsening blurred vision in the left eye. On further close questioning, she reported no eye pain, intermittent floaters and flashes of light...

Birdshot chorioretinopathy: an important differential

Birdshot chorioretinopathy (BSCR) is a relatively uncommon cause of posterior uveitis which often has a relapsing and remitting course [1,2]. We present a case which demonstrates how remission can be obtained for several years using cyclosporine. Case report A 44-year-old...

Fingolimod: ocular adverse effects

In this article the authors review the ocular side-effects of Fingolimod which is an oral immunomodulating drug used in the management of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Fingolimod-associated macular oedema (FAME) is the most common ocular side-effect linked to this drug....

Rebamipide 2% for dry eye

Rebamipide is a quinolinone derivative that has been found to increase mucin production and the number of conjunctival goblet cells. A previous phase two study has shown rebamipide 2% to be better than placebo in improving the ocular surface and...